1760 fashion history 1900


[AMDOCS: Documents for the Study of American History -- US History]
AMDOCS: DOCUMENTS FOR THE STUDY OF AMERICAN HISTORY


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800 1000
  • The Saga of Eric the Red
    [ca. 1000, Discovery of "Vinland" by Erik's sons and others.]
1200 1300 Return to the top
1400
  • 1400, Map of Indian Nations' Tribes, Languages and Cultures
  • 1400, Map of Native American Prehistory 1492-1600, Map of the Discovery of North America
  • 1492, Privileges and Prerogatives Granted by Their Catholic Majesties to Christopher Columbus; April 30
  • Christopher Columbus, Extracts From His Journal (1492)
  • 1492, Christopher Columbus, Excerpts from Journal, (8/3 - 10/19)
  • 1492, Christopher Columbus, Excerpts from Journal, (8/11 - 11/ 6)
  • 1493, Christopher Columbus, Epistola De Insulis Nuper Inventis
  • 1493 May 4, Papal bull, Inter Caetera
  • 1494 June 7, The treaty of Tordesillas
  • 1494, Christopher Columbus, Letter to the King and Queen of Spain
  • 1496 March 5, The Letters Patents of King Henry the Seventh Granted unto John Cabot and his Three Sonnes, Lewis, Sebastian and Sancius for the the Discouerie of New and Unknowen Lands
  • 1497, Amerigo Vespucci's Account of His First Voyage
  • 1497, John Cabot's Discovery of North America
1500
  • WWW-VL: US History: Discovery and Exploration
  • 1517-Franco de los Cobos, Instructions to Conquistadors
  • 1540 - The Journey of Coronado
  • 1540-42, Map of the Coronado Expedition
  • 1540 - Coronado's Report to Viceroy Mendoza, Sent from Cibola, August 3
  • 1541, 20 October, Coronado's Report to the King of Spain, Sent from Tiguex
  • 1542, The Journey of Alvar Nunyez Cabeza De Vaca
  • 1542, Cabeza de Vaca, Adventures in the Unknown Interior of America
  • 1542 - Bartolome de la Casas, Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies
  • 1544, Luys Hernández de Biedma. Relación de la Isla de la Florida
    [The De Soto expedition]
  • Nicholas Monardes, Of the Tabaco and of His Greate Vertues
  • 1578, 11 June, Letters Patent to Sir Humfrey Gylberte
  • 1579, Sir Frances Drake's Brass Plaque
    [Found in California, claiming the region for England, and naming it "New Albion"]
  • Sir Francis Drake's Famous Voyage Round The World, by Francis Pretty (1580)
  • 1581 July 26, Plakkaat van Verlatinghe [Dutch, with an English translation]
  • 1584, Richard Hakluyt, Discourse of Western Planting
  • 1584, Charter to Sir Walter Raleigh; March 25
  • 1584, Arthur Barlow. First Voyage To Virginia
  • 1585, Sir Walter Raleigh. A briefe and true report of the new found land of Virginia,
  • 1586, Adam Winthrop's Commonplace Book
  • 1586, Ralph Lane, The Colony At Roanoke
  • Thomas Hariot, A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia
  • 1590 November 7, John White, Return To Roanoake
  • 1596, Pedro de Castaneda, The Journey of Coronado

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1600

  • WWW-VL: History: US Colonial Era 1600-1675, Map of Exploration and Settlement North America Before 1675
  • The Iroquois Constitution
  • 1603, Charter of Acadia Granted by Henry IV of France to Pierre du Gast, Sieur de Monts; December 18
  • 1606, Instructions for the Virginia Colony
  • 1606, The First Virginia Charter
  • 1609, The Second Virginia Charter
  • 1609, Chief Powhatan: Address to Captain John Smith
  • 1611, Publication of the King James or Authorized Version of the Bible
    [A recurring source of quotation, reference and allusion in speeches and writings]
  • 1612, The Third Virginia Charter
  • 1619/20 March 3, Petition for a Charter of New England by the Northern Company of Adventurers
  • 1620, Mayflower Compact
  • 1620-1622, Mourt's Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth
  • 1620, The Charter of New England
  • 1620, Agreement Between the Settlers at New Plymouth
  • 1621 June 3, Charter of the Dutch West India Company
  • 1621 June 30 - 1628 December 7, William Bradford, Letters
  • 1621 July 24-August 3, Ordinances for Virginia
  • 1621 July 23, An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England
  • 1621 , 24 July, An Ordinance and Constitution of the Virginia Company in England for a Council of State and General Assembly
  • 1622-1623, Edward Winslow, Good Newes from New England
    The Pilgrim Fathers 1622-1623
  • 1622 August 10, A Grant of the Province of Maine to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and John Mason, esq.
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  • 1625, Winthrop, On Liberty
  • 1626, 14 June, Privileges Granted by King Gustavaus Adolphus to the Swedish South Company
  • 1626 November 5, Account of the Purchase of Manhattan by the Dutch
  • 1629, Charter of the Colony of New Plymouth Granted to William Bradford and His Associates
  • 1628, Petition of Right
  • 1629 April 30, The Constitution of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay
  • 1629 February 12, Grant of Land North of the Saco River to Thomas Lewis and Richard Bonighton by the Council for New England
  • 1629 March 4, Charter of Massachusetts Bay
  • 1629, Grant of Hampshire to Capt. John Mason
  • 1629 November 17, Grant of Laconia to Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason by the Council for New England
  • 1629, The Salem Covenant
  • 1629, 26 August, The Cambridge Agreement
  • 1629, Capt. John Smith, History of the First Settlements
  • 1630-1654, William Bradford, Of Plymouth Plantation
  • 1630-1675, Map: Boston, MA
  • 1631, Captain John Smith,Advertisements for the Inexperienced Planters of New England, or Anywhere or The Pathway To Experience to Erect a Plantation.
  • 1632, Charter of Maryland
  • 1635 April 22, Grant of the Province of New Hampshire to Mr. Mason, By the Name of Masonia
  • 1634, Royal Commission for Regulating Plantations; April 28
  • 1634, Royal Commission for Regulating Plantations; April 28
  • 1635, The Act of Surrender of the Great Charter of New England to His Majesty : June 7
  • 1635, Grant of the Province of New Hampshire to John Wollaston, Esq.
  • 1635 June 11, Grant of the Province of New Hampshire From Mr. Wollaston to Mr. Mason
  • 1635, September 17, Grant By Sir Ferdinand Forgas of his rights in New Hampshire
  • 1637, Transcript of The Trial of Anne Hutchinson
  • 1637, Letter of Thomas Shephard to his son at Harvard College
  • 1637, 23 July, Appointment by King Charles I of Sir Ferdinando Gorgas as Governor of New England
  • 1639, Agreement of the Settlers at Exeter in New Hampshire
  • 1639, Grant of the Province of Maine
  • 1639 January 14, The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • 1639 June 4, Fundamental Agreement, or Original Constitution of the Colony of New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1639, John Winthrop, The Wicked Capitalism of Robert Keayne September 9 [from Winthrop's Journal
  • 1639, The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  • 1640 March 20, William Bradford, &c. Surrender of the Patent of Plymouth Colony to the Freeman
  • 1641, John Winthrop, Arbitrary Government Described and the Government of the Massachusetts Vindicated from that Aspersion
  • 1641, The Combinations of the Inhabitants Upon the Piscataqua River (New Hampshire) for Government
  • 1642, Map: New York City NY
  • 1643, The Articles of Confederation of the United Colonies of New England; May 19 1643
  • 1643, Government of New Haven Colony
  • 1645, John Winthrop, On Liberty
  • 1649, The Maryland Toleration Act

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1650

  • 1650, The Population of the United States Was 50,400
  • Proclamation of First Thanksgiving
  • 1661, Map: New York City NY
  • 1662, Charter of Connecticut
  • 1663, Charter of Carolina : March 24, 1663
  • 1664, Grant of the Province of Maine
  • 1664, The Duke of York's Release to John Ford Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret regarding New Jersey, 24 June
  • 1665, The Concession and Agreement of the Lords Proprietors of the Province of New Caesarea, or New Jersey, to and With All and Every the Adventurers and All Such as Shall Settle or Plant There
  • 1665, Charter of Carolina : June 30, 1665
  • 1668, Brief Observations Concerning Trade and Interest of Money by Josiah Childs
  • 1670, The Population of the United States Was 111,900
  • 1671, Map: Charleston SC
  • 1672, A Declaration of the True Intent and Meaning of us the Lords Proprietors, and Explanation of There Concessions Made to the Adventurers and Planters of New Caesarea or New Jersey
  • 1674, His Royal Highness's Grant to the Lords Proprietors, Sir George Carteret, 29 July
  • 1674, Grant of the Province of Maine
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  • 1675-1800, Map of the Exploration and Settlement of North America
  • 1675-1800, Map of Exploration and Settlement
  • 1676, Charles II's Grant of New England to the Duke of York
  • 1676, The Charter or Fundamental Laws, of West New Jersey, Agreed Upon
  • 1676, Quintipartite Deed of Revision, Between E. and W Jersey: 1 July
  • 1676, Governor William Berkely on Bacon's Rebellion, 19 May
  • 1676, Bacon's Declaration in the Name of the People, 30 July
  • 1680 8 September An account of the Pueblo Revolt by Don Antonio de Otermin, governor and captain-general of New Mexico
  • 1680, Duke of York's Second Grant to William Penn, Gawn Lawry, Nicholas Lucas, John Eldridge, Edmund Warner, and Edward Byllynge, for the Soil and Government of West New Jersey, 6 August
  • 1680, Commission of John Cutt Regarding New Hampshire
  • 1681, Charter for the Province of Pennsylvania : February 28, 1681
  • 1681, Province of West New-Jersey, in America, The 25th of the Ninth Month Called November
  • 1682, Duke of York's Confirmation to the 24 Proprietors of East New Jersey, 14 March
  • 1683, The Fundamental Constitutions for the Province of East New Jersey in America
  • 1684, Samuel de Champlain, Voyages
  • 1687, Memoir... Dangers That Threaten Canada and the Means to Remedy Them, January
  • 1688, Commission of Sir Edmund Andros for the Dominion of New England. April 7
  • 1689, Cotton Mather, Memorable Providences, Relating to Witchcrafts and Possessions
  • 1690, The Population of the United States Was 210,400
  • 1690, Comptroller-General De Monseignat, The French Capture of Schenectady
  • 1691, The Charter of Massachusetts Bay. October 7
  • 1691 February 19, Warrant vs. Tituba and Sarah Osborne during the Salem Witchcraft Trials
  • 1692, Cotton Mather, The Tryal of G[eorge] B[urroughs] at a Court of Oyer and Terminer Held in Salem
  • 1693, Penn, William, Some Fruits of Solitude
  • 1693, Cotton Mather, "The Wonders of the Invisible World"
  • 1697, Penn's Plan for a Union

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1700

  • 1700, The Population of the United States Was 250,900
  • 1701 October 28, Charter of Privileges Granted by William Penn, esq. to the Inhabitants of Pennsylvania and Territories
  • 1701 December 31, King William Addresses Parliament on the French Question
  • 1701, Charter of Delaware
  • 1702, Surrender from the Proprietors of East and West New Jersey, of Their Pretended Right of Government to Her Majesty
  • 1702-1740, Colonel Miles Brewton and Others, "The Evil Deeds of the Spaniards"
    [dealing with Spanish incursions into South Caroline
  • 1704, Robert Beverley on Bacon's Rebellion
  • 1709 17 April, The Queen's Acceptance of the Surrender of Government
  • 1712, Charles II's Grant of New England to the Duke of York, 1676, Exemplified by Queen Anne
  • 1715, The North Carolina Biennial Act
  • 1720, The Population of the United States Was 466,200
  • 1720-1772, John Woolman, The Journal of John Woolman
    [The Inner Life of a Quaker and Early Abolitionist]
  • 1723, October, Benjamin Franklin, "How I Became a Printer in Philadelphia
  • 1724, Cotton Mather, "The Last Days of Increase Mather"
  • Cotton Mather, The Duties of Children to their Parents
  • Cotton Mather, The Duties of Parents To Their Children 2
  • Cotton Mather, The Education of Children
  • 1724, March, Black Code" of Louisiana

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  • 1726 July 22, Benjamin Franklin, Journal of Occurrences in My Voyage to Philadelphia on board the Berkshire, Henry Clark, Master. From London
  • 1725 26 August, Explanatory Charter of Massachusetts Bay
  • 1728 11 September, Massachusetts House of Representatives on the Governor's Salary
  • 1728 17 September, Governor Burnet of Massachusetts on the Governor's Salary,
  • 1732, Charter of Georgia
  • 1733, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1734, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1735, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1736, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1736 18 October, Governor Gabriel Johnston's request to repeal the Biennial Act,
  • 1737, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1737, Disposition of the North Carolina Biennial Act
  • 1738, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1739, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1740, The Population of the United States Was 905,600
  • 1740, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1741, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1741 July 8, Jonathan Edwards. Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,
  • 1742, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1743, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1744, Onondaga Chief Canasatego: On Colonizing Education
  • 1744, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1745, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1745 March 23, Captain Samuel Curwen,"The Louisburg Expedition"
  • Map of the Capture of Louisburg
  • 1746, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1747, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard
  • 1748, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard Improved
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1750
  • 1750, The Population of the United States Was 1,170,800
  • 1750, Jonathan Mayhew A Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission and Non-Resistance to the Higher Powers
  • 1750, Petition to Parliament: Reasons for making bar, as well as pig or sow-iron, ca. 1750
  • Petition to Parliament: Reason against a general prohibition of the Iron Manufacture in Plantations
  • 1750, Memoir on the English Aggression, October 1750
  • 1750 December, Memoir on the French Colonies in North America
  • 1750, Gottlieb Mittelberger, "On the Misfortune of Indentured Servants"
  • 1751, Governor Glen, The Role of the Indians in the Rivalry Between France, Spain, and England
  • 1752, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard Improved
  • 1753, Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard Improved
  • French and Indian War Overview Maps
  • 1759, "The Death of General Wolfe" - At the Battle of Quebec
    [song: text and audio]
  • 1754 The Albany Plan for a Union
  • Samuel Davies, "The Curse of Cowardice"
  • 1755, Map: New York City NY
  • 1755 July 16, French Account of the defeat of the English force under General Braddock
  • 1755 September 8, Letter from Baron de Dieskau to Count d'Argenson
    [concerning his defeat in the Battle of Lake George]
  • 1706-1757, Benjamin Franklin, His Autobiography
  • 1759, Standing Orders for Rogers' Rangers
  • 1759 Franklin, Benjamin: Poor Richard Improved
  • 1759 December 13, General Townshend, "The Capture of Quebec"
  • 1759 December 13, Col. John Knox, "The Fall of Quebec" [.pdf file]
  • 1761, James Otis. Against the Writs of Assistance
  • 1761, James Otis, "In Opposition to Writs of Assistance"
  • 1761 Governor Glen, The Role of the Indians in the Rivalry Between France, Spain, and England
  • 1763 Map of British Colonies in North America
  • 1763 - 1812, The Formative Years
  • 1764-1765, Timeline
  • 1765 Daniel Dulany, Considerations, October
  • 1765 Soame Jenyns, The Objections to the taxation consider'd
  • 1765 October 19, The Resolutions of the Stamp Act Congress
  • 1766-1767, Timeline
  • 1766 January 14, William Pitt's speech on the Stamp Act,
  • 1766 March 19, An Act Repealing the Stamp Ac.
  • 1766, Benjamin Franklin, "His Examination Before the House of Commons"
  • 1767-1768 John Dickenson's Letter 2, from Letters from a Farmer
  • 1767-1768 John Dickenson's Letter 4, from Letters from a Farmer
  • 1768-1769, Timeline
  • 1768 April 21, Circular Letter to the Governors in America
  • 1768 August 1, Boston Non-Importation Agreement
  • 1769 July 22, Charleston Non-Importation Agreement
  • 1770-1772, Timeline
  • 1770, The Population of the United States Was 2,148,100
  • 1770 March 5, Anonymous Account of the Boston Massacre
  • 1770 March 13, Captain Thomas Preston's account of the Boston Massacre
  • 1772, Map: Boston, MA
  • 1773-1774, Timeline
  • 1773 April 29, Peter Bestes , "Letter from Boston"
  • 1773 August 1-6, The Association of the Virginia Convention
  • 1773 December 15, Association of the Sons of Liberty in New York
  • 1774, James Logan, Chief of the Mingo Nation, "Letter to to Lord Dunmore"
  • 1774 March 5, John Hancock, Boston Massacre Oration
  • 1774 March 31, The Boston Port Act, London
  • 1774 May 13, Circular Letter of the Boston Committee of Correspondence
  • 1774. Mingo Chief Logan, "Logan's Lament"
  • 1774 Thomas Jefferson, A Summary View of the Rights of British America
  • 1774 October 20, The Articles of Association
  • 1774, James Wilson, Considerations on the Nature and Extent of the Legislative Authority of the British Parliament
  • Administration of the Continental Congress
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    1775
    • WWW-VL: History: US Revolutionary Era
    • 1775-1920, Map of the Territorial Growth America
    • 1775, Timeline
    • 1775-1890, Map of Battle Sites of the United States
    • 1775-1783, Maps of the American Revolution
    • 1775 January 9, Daniel Leonard's letter
    • 1775 February 6, John Adams, Novanglus
    • 1775 March 22, Edmund Burke speech on conciliation with America
    • 1775 April 18, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, "The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere"
    • 1775 April 19, Map of the Battle of Lexington
    • 1775 April 22, Lt.-Col. Nith, Report on the Battle of Lexington [.pdf file]
    • 1775 May 31, The Charlotte Town Resolves
    • 1775, Patrick Henry: "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death"
    • 1775 June 22, Major-General Sir John Burgoyne to Lord Stanley
      [British account of the Battle of Bunker Hill]
    • 1775 June 22, Lieutenant Waller, Royal Marines, "Account of the Battle of Bunker Hill" [.pdf file]
    • 1775, "Bunker Hill" [song: text and audio]
    • 1775, Articles of War, June 30
    • 1775 July 8, John Dickinson, "The Declaration on Taking up Arms,"
    • 1775 July 21, Franklin's Articles of Confederation
    • 1775 August 23, King George of England, Proclamation of Rebellion
    • 1776, Timeline
    • 1776, Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations
      [The "Bible" of Free Trade and Laissez-Faire Capitalism]
    • 1776 January 2, The Tory Act
    • 1776, Samuel Adams, "On American Independence"
    • Yankee Doodle
    • Bibliographies of the War of American Independence, US Army Center Of Military History
    • Soldier-Statesmen of the Constitution , by Robert K. Wright, Jr. and Morris J. MacGregor, Jr., US Army Center Of Military History
    • 1776, Constitution of Delaware
    • 1776, Constitution of New Hampshire
    • 1776, Constitution of New Jersey
    • 1776 February 14, Thomas Paine, Common Sense
    • 1776, The Virginia Declaration of Rights, June 12
    • 1776, Samuel West, "On the Right to Rebel against Governors"
    • 1776, Resolution of Richard Henry Lee in the Continental Congress; June 7
    • 1776, Jefferson's draft of the Declaration of Independence
    • 1776 July 4, Declaration of Independence
    • 1776 July 12, Journal of the Continental Congress. Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union
    • 1776, Charles Inglis, "The True Interest of America Impartially Stated"
    • 1776 August 1, Adams, Samuel, American Independence
    • Jefferson's notes on Slavery
    • 1776 September-November, Map of Operations Along the Hudson
    • 1776, Letter of George Washington to John Hancock, September 24
    • 1776 November 11, Constitution of Maryland
    • 1776, Jopseph Brand, "Letter to Lord George Germaine"
    • 1777-1779, Timeline
    • 1777 January 20, General Burgoyne's letter to his nieces [.pdf file]
      [discussing his defeat by American forces at the Battle of Saratoga]
    • 1777, "The Battle of Saratoga" - A Signal American Victory
      [song: text and audio]
    • 1777 February 5, Constitution of Georgia
    • 1777 July 2-6, Map of the Capture of Fr Ticonderoga
    • 1777 August 14, Observations on the slaves and the indented servants, enlisted in the army, and in the navy of the United States
    • 1777 September 11, Captain Ferguson's account of the Battle of Brandywine
      [A British officer's view]
    • Constitution of the State of New York
    • 1777 October 16, Articles of Convention Between Lieutenant-General Burgoyne and Major General Gates
      [Aftermath of the Battle of Saratoga]
    • 1777, Albigence Waldo, From the diary of a Surgeon at Valley Forge
    • 1777, November 17, US Articles of Confederation
    • 1776-1783, Thomas Paine, The American Crisis
    • 1776, Samuel Cooper, A Sermon on the Day of the Commencement of the Constitution
    • 1777 September 11, Captain Ferguson's account of the Battle of Brandywine
      [A British officer's view]
    • 1777 January 20, General Burgoyne's letter to his nieces [.pdf file]
      [discussing his defeat by American forces at the Battle of Saratoga]
    • 1773 April 29, Peter Bestes, Letter from Boston"
    • 1777 August 14, Observations on the slaves and the indented servants, inlisted in the army, and in the navy of the United States
    • 1777, Constitution of the State of Vermont
    • 1778 February 6, Treaty of Alliance with France
    • 1778 April 3, Denunciation of American Loyalists by the Continental Congress
    • 1778 July 4, Lieutenant Hale's account of the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse [.pdf file]
      [A British officer's view]
    • 1778, Draft for a Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom, by Jefferson
    • 1778 July 4, Lieutenant Hale's account of the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse [.pdf file]
      [A British officer's view]
    • 1779-1782, Timeline
    • 1790, The Population of the United States Was 3,929,214
    • 1780, Constitution of the State of Massachusetts
    • 1780, An Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery, Pennsylvania; March 1, 1780
    • 1780-1781, Map of Operations in the South
    • 1781 January 17, Map of the Battle of Cowpens
    • 1781 May-October, Map of Operations in Virginia
    • 1781, The Virginia Campaign and the Blockade and Seizure of Yorktown
    • "Rangers in Colonial and Revolutionary America"
    • 1781 September 28-October 19, Map of the Siege of Yorktown
    • 1781 October 18, Articles of Capitulation [Cornwallis' Surrender at Yorktown]
    • 1781, Lenape Chief Buckongahelas: Address to Christian Native Americans at Gnadenhutten
    • 1781 October 18, "The World Turned Upside Down" - Played by British Troops at Their Surrender at Yorktown
      [song: text and audio]
    • 1781 October 20, General Cornwallis account of the surrender of British forces at Yorktown [.pdf file]
    • 1781, From the diary of Ebenezer Denny, describing the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown
    • 1781, March 1, Articles of Confederation
    • 1782, Thomas Jefferson, Commerce between Master and Slave
    • 1782 J. Hector St. John De Crevecoeur, Letters From An American Farmer
    • 1782 July 16, Contract Between the King and the Thirteen United States of North America, signed at Versailles
    • 1783-1784, Timeline
    • 1783, Treaty of Paris
    • 1783, Contract Between the King and the Thirteen United States of North America
    • 1783, Constitution of the State of New Hampshire
    • 1784, Daniel Boone, The Adventures of Colonel Daniel Boon, Formerly A Hunter; Containing a Narrative of the Wars of Kentucky
    • 1784, Map: New Orleans LA
    • 1784 February 19, George Wallace, "From the United States chronicle, Thursday, February 19, 1784"
    • 1785-1786, Timeline
    • 1785, June 20, James Madison, "Memorial and Remonstrance"
      [regarding the separation of Church and State]
    • 1785 ca., George III, Letter on the loss of America
    • 1786, The Annapolis Convention
    • 1786, Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
    • 1786, The Barbary Treaties
    • "Halls of Montezuma" - The Marine Corps Hymn
      [song: text and audio]
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    1787
    • WWW-VL: History: US Constitutional Era
    • 1787, The Federalist Papers [Audio MP-3 Version]
    • 1787, The Anti-Federalist Papers
    • 1787 June 21, Record of Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787
    • 1787, Franklin, Benjamin. Disapproving and Accepting the Constitution
    • 1787, Benjamin Franklin, "Dangers of a Salaried Bureaucracy"
    • 1787, The Northwest Ordinance
    • 1787 October 6, Wilson, James, State House Yard Speech on the Constitution,
    • 1787, Benjamin Franklin, "On the Federal Constitution"
    • Letter of Transmittal of US Constitution
    • 1788, Patrick Henry, "Shall Liberty or Empire Be Sought?"
    • 1788, John Marshall, "On the Federal Constitution"
    • Constitution of the State of New York
    • 1788, Alexander Hamilton, "On the Adoption of the Federal Constitution"
    • 1788 June 7, Corbin, Francis. Answering Patrick Henry
      [criticism of the Constitutional powers of the government]
    • 1788-1952-Map of the Admission of States to the Union
    • 1789, James Madison, speech proposing the Bill of Rights, June 8, 1789
    • 1788, William Pinkney, "For the Relief of Slaves"
    • Bill of Rights and the Amendments to The Constitution
  • Administration of George Washington, 1789-1797
    • Presidential Oath of Office
    • 1789, George Washington, First Inaugural Address
    • 1789 August 16, The Battle of Camden South Carolina, by Lieut. Col. H. L. Landers
    • 1790-Map of the United States
    • 1790, Constitution of the State of Rhode Island
    • 1790 January 8, First Annual Message of George Washington
    • 1790 December 8, Second Annual Message of George Washington
    • 1790 July 16, Residence Act
    • 1791 October 21, Third Annual Message
    • 1792 November 6, Fourth Annual Message of George Washington
    • 1793 December 3, Fifth Annual Message
    • 1793, George Washington, Second Inaugural Address
    • 1793 April 22, The Proclamation of Neutrality
    • 1793 December 3, Fifth Annual Message
    • 1793 Alexander Hamilton, "Opinion as to the Constitutionality of the Bank of the United States"
    • 1793, Fugitive Slave Law of 1793
    • 1794, Eli Whitney's Cotton Gin
    • 1794 November 19, Sixth Annual Message of George Washington
    • 1795 December 8, Seventh Annual Message
    • 1795 August 3, Greenville Treaty with a number of Indian Tribes
      [Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanoes, Ottawas, Chipewas, Putawatimes, Miamis, Eel-river, Weea's, Kickapoos, Piankashaws, and Kaskaskias]
    • 1795, Farmer's Almanack
    • 1791 October 6, Major-General Arthur Saint Clair, Movements of the Army [.pdf file]
    • 1791 November 11, Major-General Arthur Saint Clair, Movements of the Army [.pdf file]
    • 1791 November 9, Major-General Arthur Saint Clair. "Battle of the Wabash" [.pdf file]
    • 1796 December 7, Eighth Annual Message
    • 1796, Fisher Ames, "On the Treaty with Great Britain"
    • 1797, Washington's Farewell Address
  • 1797-1801, Administration of John Adams
    • 1797, John Adams Inaugural Address
    • 1797 November 22, First Annual Message of John Adams
    • 1798, The Sedition Act
    • 1798 July 6, The Alien Act, An Act Respecting Alien Enemies
    • 1798 July 12, Sailing Orders for the USS Constitution, Captain Samuel Nicholson Commanding [.pdf file]
    • 1798 September 12, Captain Samuel Nicholson on the Capture of HMS Niger by the USS Constitution [.pdf file]
    • 1798 December 8, Second Annual Message
    • 1798, The Virginia Resolution
    • 1799 December 3, Third Annual Message
    • 1799, The Kentucky Resolutions
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    1800
  • 1801-1809, Administration of Thomas Jefferson
    • See Avalon's extensive collection of the papers of Thomas Jefferson
    • 1801 Thomas Jefferson's First Inaugural Address
    • 1801 December 8, First Annual Message of Thomas Jefferson
    • 1802 December 15, Second Annual Message
    • 1803-1807, Map of Westward Expansion and Exploration
    • 1803-1807-Map Westward Expansion and Settlement
    • 1803 October 17, Third Annual Message
    • 1803 U.S. Supreme Court, Marbury v Madison
    • 1803-1806, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, The Journals of Lewis and Clark
    • 1803, Letter from President Thomas Jefferson to Meriweather Lewis
    • 1803, The Louisiana Purchase Treaty
    • 1804-1806, Map of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
    • 1804 February 17, Stephen Decatur Reporting the Destruction of the USS Philadelphia [.pdf file]
    • 1804, Eliphalet Nott, "On the Death of Hamilton"
    • 1804 November 8, Fourth Annual Message
    • 1805 Second Inaugural Address of Thomas Jefferson
    • 1805, Red Jacket, "On the Religion of the White Man and the Red"
    • 1805 December 3, Fifth Annual Message
    • 1805 The New England Primer
    • 1805, Chickasaw Treaties Between the Chickasaw and the United States
    • 1806, John Randolph, "On Offensive War with England"
    • 1806 December 2, Sixth Annual Message
    • 1807 February 10, An Act to Provide for Surveying the Coasts of the United States
    • 1807 October 27, Seventh Annual Message
    • 1808 November 8, Eighth Annual Message
  • 1809-1817, Administration of James Madison
    • 1809 James Madison, First Inaugural
    • 1809, The Autobiography of Stephen Hall Meek
    • 1809, Map of the Organization of US Territories
    • 1809-1811, John Bradbury, Travels in the Interior of America.
    • 1810, Pierre Menard, Reports of Missouri Fur Co. activities at Three Forks of the Missouri
    • 1810, Tecumseh, "To Governor Harrison at Vincennes"
    • 1810, The Population of the United States Was 7,239,881
    • 1811, Brackenridge, Henry Marie, Journal of a Voyage up the Missouri River
    • 1812-1814, Maps of the War of 1812
    • 1812 - 1814, Bibliographies: The U.S. Army in the War of 1812, US Army Center Of Military History
    • 1812, Thomas Kimber, The American Class Book,
      [Philadelphia: Kimber and Richardson, 1812]
    • 1812-1814 , Map of the Northern Frontier
    • 1812, Map of the Southern Frontier
    • 1812, Map of the Niagara River Area
    • 1812 October 9, Captain James D. Elliot to the Secretary of the Navy, On a Naval Action on Lake Erie
    • 1812-1813, John C. Luttig, Journal of a fur-trading expedition on the Upper Missouri
    • 1813, John Jenkins, The Art of Writing, Reduced to a Plain and Easy System
    • 1813, Tecumseh. "To General Proctor"
    • 1813, James Madison, Second Inaugural Address
    • 1813 September 10, Lieutenant Inglis, Royal Navy, on the Battle of Lake Erie
    • 1813 September 12, Captain Barclay, Royal Navy, on the Battle of Lake Erie
    • 1813 September 12, Commodore Perry on the Battle of Lake Erie
    • 1813 November 24, Adjutant General Baynes on the Battle of Lake Erie
    • 1814 September 20, Francis Scott Keyes, Star Spangled Banner
    • 1814 Amendments to the Constitution Proposed by the Hartford Convention
    • 1814, Treaty with Great Britain (End of War of 1812)
    • 1814. Map of the New Orleans Campaign
    • 1814, Map of the Battle of New Orleans
    • 1815 April 3 and July 2, Treaty of Peace, Signed by Algiers
    • 1815-1845, Map of Westward Expansion
  • Administration of James Monroe, 1817-1825
    • 1817 James Monroe, First Inaugural
    • 1817 Opening of New York to Liverpool Packet Line
    • 1817, Charles Bagot to Richard Rush, Anglo-American agreement to reduce naval forces operating on the Great Lakes
    • 1817, Thomas Jefferson, notes on the State of Virginia
    • 1818 May 3, Adjutant-General Butler on the Battle of the Appalachiola River [.pdf file]
    • 1818 Constitution of the State of Connecticut
    • 1819, Treaty with Spain (Acquisition of Florida)
    • 1819 Constitution of the State of Connecticut
    • 1819, U. S. Supreme Court, McCulloch v The State of Maryland
    • 1819, U.S. Supreme Court, Dartmouth College v Woodward
    • 1820-Map of the United States
    • 1820, The Population of the United States Was 9,638,453
    • 1820-1835, Map of the Exploration and Settlement of North America
    • 1820-Map: Western Exploration
    • 1820, Robert Young Hayne, "On the Foote Resolution "
    • 1821- James Monroe, Second Inaugural
    • 1821, Cohen v. Virginia
    • 1823, Dr. Richard Furman, Exposition on Slavery, reflecting the Views of Baptists
    • 1823, The Monroe Doctrine, December 2
    • 1824, U.S. Supreme Court, Gibbons v Ogden
    • 1824, Ross, Alexander, Journal, Snake Country Expedition
    • 1824, Pushmataha, "To John C. Calhoun"
    • Interactive Santa Fe Trail
    Return to the top of the page
    1825
  • Administration of John Quincy Adams, 1825-1829
    • 1825, John Quincy Adams, Inaugural Address
    • 1825, Daniel Webster, “The First Bunker Hill Monument Oration"
    • 1825, Ogden, Peter Skene, Accounts of an 1825 Expedition into Utah
    • 1826 March 21, Cemetery in Algiers
    • 1827, Josй Maria Sanchez, reporting on Anglo-Mexican Relations in Texas Before the Revolution
    • 1828, Josй Maria Sanchez discusses the co-existence of Mexicans and Anglos in Texas
  • Administration of Andrew Jackson, 1829-1837
    • 1829, Andrew Jackson, First Inaugural
    • 1829, Treaty of Commerce and Navigation Between Austria-Hungary and The United States; August 27
    • 1829 September 28, David Walker, "Appeal in Four Articles; ... to the Coloured Citizens of the World..."
    • 1830-Map of the United States
    • 1830, The Population of the United States Was 12,866,020
    • 1830, Stephen F. Austin Advertises for More American Settlers to Come to Texas
    • 1830 April 6, A Resident of Texas Speaks in Favor of Yet Greater Anglo-American Immigration
      [suggesting that such immigration cannot be stopped in any event]
    • 1830, Daniel Webster, "In Reply to Hayne"
    • 1831-1845-Map: Westward Expansion and Settlement
    • 1831, The Confessions of Nat Turner
    • 1831, U.S. Supreme Court, The Cherokee Nation v. The State of Georgia
    • 1831, Captain F. W. Beechey
      [describing the operation of the Spanish/Mexican System of religious missions on the frontier]
    • 1831, Alexis DeTocqueville, Democracy in America
    • 1832, John Ball, Across the Plains to Oregon
    • 1832, Black Hawk, Surrender Speech
    • 1833, American Anti-Slavery Society, "Declaration of Sentiments"
    • 1832-1834 Wyeth, Nathaniel J.: The Journals of Expeditions to the Oregon Country 1832, 1834 and Selected Letters.
    • 1832, Andrew Jackson, Veto of the Bank of the United States
    • 1832, Henry Clay, Speech on the Bank Veto
    • 1832 October 27, Treaty with the Potawatomi,
      [who cede their title and interest to lands in the States of Indiana and Illinois, and in the Territory of Michigan]
    • 1832, President Jackson's Proclamation Regarding Nullification, December 10
    • Worcester v. Georgia [regarding Indian lands]
    • 1833, Barron v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore 32 U.S 243
      [the limitations imposed by the Bill of Rights does not extend to state governments]
    • 1833, Calhoun, John. Against the Force Bill," 15-16 February
    • 1833, Andrew Jackson, Second Inaugural
    • 1834, Manuel Mier y Teron Speaks for the Anglo Settlers in Texas
      [setting forth the justifications fir their desire for independence of Mexico]
    • 1834, Henry Clay, "His Attack on Jackson"
    • 1834-1836, Narcisco Duran Opposes the Immediate Secularization of the Missions of California and Their Properties
    • 1835-1850, Map of the Exploration and Settlement of North America
    • 1835, James D. Elderkin, Fourth U.S. Infantry, "Training in the Army""
    • 1835 February 15, Constitution of the American Anti-Slavery Society
    • 1835, Pablo Tac [describing life on a California mission]
    • 1835, George Bancroft, "The People in Art, Government, and Religion"
    • 1835, Declaration of the People of Texas. December 7
    • 1835 December 7, Andrew Jackson on the Necessity of Indian Removal
    • 1835, Sargent S. Prentiss, "On the Death of Lafayette"
    • 1836-1847, The Letters and Journals of Narcissa Whitman
    • 1836 March 2, Texas Declaration of Independence
    • 1836 March 7, Address of the Honorable S. F. Austin, Delivered at Louisville, Kentucky
    • 1836, William Barret Travis: Letter from the commandancy of the Alamo,
    • 1836 May 1, First Lieutenant George A. McCall, 4th US Infantry, "The Seminole Wars"
    • 1836 August 5, Treaty with the Potawatomi
      ["to remove to the country west of the Mississippi river"]
  • Administration of Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841
    • 1837, Martin VanBuren, Inaugural Address
    • 1836-1847, Letters and Journals of Narcissa Whitman
      [missionary life in the Hawaiian Islands
    • 1837 February 8, John C. Calhoun, Slavery a Positive Good
    • 1837 February 25, The Blessings of Slavery, from The Plaindealer (New York)
    • 1837 Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna Presents His View of the Battle of the Alamo of San Antonio
    • 1837, Jose Maria Tomel y Mendivil Foresees the Great Anglo Immigration into the Southwest
    • 1837 July 4, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Concord Hymn
    • 1837, Proprietors of the Charles River Bridge v. Proprietors of Warren Bridge, 36 U.S. 420
      [". . .a State law may be retrospective in its character, and may divest vested rights. . . "]
    • 1837, Wendell Phillips, "On the Murder of Lovejoy"
    • 1837, Andrew Jackson, "His Farewell Address"
    • 1837, Thomas Hart Benton, "On the Expunging Resolution"
    • 1837, John Caldwell Calhoun "On the Expunging Resolution"
    • 1837, Ralph Waldo Emerson, "On the American Scholar"
    • 1838 January 4, Colonel Zachary Taylor on the Battle at the Kissimmee River [.pdf file]
    • 1838 January 27 , Abraham Lincoln, "Address before the Young Men's Lyceum of Springfield, Illinois"
    • 1839, Alexander Forbes
      [discussing the missions of California shortly after their suppression]
    • 1839-1840, The Case of the Amistad
    • 1840, The Population of the United States Was 17,069,453
    • "Santy Anna Gained the Day" - American Sea-Chanty Referring to the Rise of Santa Anna
      [song: text and audio]
  • Election of 1840
  • Administration of William Henry Harrison, 1841
  • Administration of John Tyler, 1841-1845
    • 1841, Argument of John Quincy Adams Before the Supreme Court of the United States: in the Case of the United States, Appellants, vs. Cinque, and Others, Africans, Captured in the schooner Amistad, by Lieut. Gedney
    • 1841, James D. Elderkin, Fourth U.S. Infantry, "The Seminole War"
    • 1841, Argument of Roger S. Baldwin Before the Supreme Court in the Case of U.S. Appellants vs. Cinque, and Other, Africans of the Amistad
    • 1841, Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Self-Reliance"
    • 1841, James D. Elderkin, Fourth U.S. Infantry, "The Seminole War 2"
    • 1841 December 14, Lieutenant George McCall, Fourth US Infantry, "The Seminole Wars"
    • 1842, Ralph Waldo Emerson, The Transcendentalist
    • 1842, Webster-Ashburton Treaty with Great Britain
    • 1844-1847, James Josiah Webb Reminisces About Life on the Santa Fe Trail
    • 1844, Catherine Sager, Across the Plains in 1844
      [The Oregon Trail and the Whitman Massacre]
    • 1844, Catlin, George, Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Conditions of North American Indians.
    • 1845, The Cruise of the 'Dove': A Whalers' Song
    • 1845, John L. Sullivan's Newspaper Article Introducing the Concept and term "Manifest Destiny"
  • Administration of James K. Polk, 1845-1849
    • 1845, James Polk, Inaugural Address
    • 1845 March 1, Congressional Resolution for Texas Annexation
    • 1846-1847, Map of the Mexican War
    • 1846-1847, Maps of the War with Mexico
    • 1846 April 1, Lieutenant Daniel Harvey Hill, Fourth Artillery, "Camp Life"
    • 1846 May 11, President James K. Polk's Address Asking for War With Mexico
    • 1846. John L. Sullivan, Speech on "The Annexation of Texas"
      [Advances the concept of "Manifest Destiny"]
    • 1846 - 1848, Guns Along the Rio Grande. Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma
    • 1846-1848 Gateway South the Campaign for Monterrey
    • 1846 May - 1848 July, The Occupation of Mexico
    • 1846-1848, From the Golden Gate to Mexico City:
      The U.S. Army Topographical Engineers in the Mexican War
    • 1846 - The Mexican War and After
    • 1846, Mariano Arista, commander of the Mexican Army
      [issues a call for United States Soldiers to desert]
    • 1846 May 11, James Polk, Declaration of War with Mexico
    • 1846, Lansford W. Hastings, the Emigrants' Guide to Oregon and California
    • 1846 June 15, The Oregon Treaty
    • 1846 September 21, Samuel Reid, Texas Rangers, The Battle of Monterey
    • 1846 September 21, An Officer of Washington and Baltimore Battalion, The Battle of Monterey
    • 1846 September 21, Captain William Henry, The Battle of Monterey
    • 1846 September 21, Lieutenant J.M. Scarritt, The Battle of Palo Alto
    • 1846, Ramon Alcaraz (Mexican Army Officer), The Battles of Palo Alto and La Resaca
    • 1846 September 22, Bill of Rights for the Territory of New Mexico
    • 1846 December 5, George B. McClellan, USA, "On Volunteers in the Mexican War"
    • 1846, Henry David Thoreau, "Civil Disobedience "
    • 1846, Francis Parkman, "Buffalo Hunt"
    • 1847, Major Luther Gi Giddings, First Ohio Volunteers, "US Army Regulars in Camp
    • 1847, Donaciano Vigil, Governor of New Mexico Appointed by the United States Occupation Forces
      [issues a proclamation asking the population t stay calm]
    • 1847 April, George B. McClellan, The Battle of Cerro Gordo
    • 1847, Frank S. Edwards, A Campaign in New Mexico with Colonel Doniphan
    • 1847 April, Ramon Alacaraz, Mexican Army, The Battle of Cerro Gordo
    • 1847, Sergeant Benjamin Franklin Scribner, Indiana Volunteers, The Battle of Buena Vista
    • 1847, Ramon Alcaraz, Mexican Army, The Battle of Buena Vista
    • 1847, A. Gregg, Commerce of the Prairies
    • 1847, Francis Parkman, The Oregon Trail
    • 1847, Ramon Alcaraz, Mexican Army, The Battle of Chapultepec
    • 1847, Thomas Corwin. "On the Mexican War"
    • 1847, Peter Wilson, Chief of the Cayuga, "On the Empire State:
    • 1848, The Leg I Left Behind Me
    • 1848 February 2, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    • 1848, Bernardo Couto, a negotiator of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo Explains Its Limitations
    • 1848, Horace Mann, "Report No. 12 of the Massachusetts School Board"
    • 1848, Manuel Crescencio Rejon Speaks Against the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    • 1848, Elizabeth M. Stanton, The Seneca Falls Declaration
    • 1848, Lieutenant Thomas W. Sweeny, First NY Volunteers, "Demobilization"
    • I Am an Abolitionist, song by William Lloyd Garrison
  • Administration of Zachary Taylor, 1849-1850
    • 1849 March 6, Zachary Taylor, Inaugural Address
    • 1849 Map of Charleston, South Caroline
    • 1849, Parkman, Francis, The Oregon Trail, Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life
    • 1849, Vicente Filisola Reflects on the Battle of the Alamo in San Antonio
    • 1849 July 4, Letter from William Swain to Sabrina Swain, written on the Trail to California,
    • 1849, S. Shufelt, "The California Gold Rush"
    Return to the top of the page
    1850
  • Administration of Millard Fillmore, 1850-1853
    • 1850, The Population of the United States Was 23,191,876
    • 1850-1890, Map of Exploration and Settlement
    • 1850-1890, Map of the Exploration and Settlement of North America
    • 1850, Letter from William Swain to George Swain, written at "The Diggings" in California, January 6
    • 1850, The Protocol of Queretaro, addressing the U.S. Abrogation of a Critical Article in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    • 1850, Ramon Alcaraz, a Mexican Writer, Discusses the Origins of the Mexican-American War
    • 1850, Sojourner Truth, The Narrative of Sojourner Truth
    • 1850 March,The Book of Mormon becomes accessible
      [One of the Sacred Texts of The Latter Day Saints]
    • 1850, Henry Clay, " On His Own Compromise Measures"
    • 1850, John Caldwell Calhoun, "On the Clay Compromise Measures"
    • 1850, Daniel Webster, "On the Clay Compromise"
    • 1850, Alexander Hamilton Stephens, "The South and the Public Domain"
    • 1851 December 14, Louise Clappe describes "Vigilante Justice"
    • 1851, William Cullen Bryant, "His Welcome to Kossuth"
    • 1852 July 5, Frederick Douglass, What to the Slave is the Fourth of July?
    • 1852, Stowe, Harriet Beecher,, Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life among the Lowly
  • Administration of Franklin Pierce, 1853-1857
    • 1853, Harriet Beecher Stowe, "Black Potential and the Key to Uncle Tom's Cabin"
    • 1853, Franklin Pierce, Inaugural Address
    • 1853, Excerpts from : Henry Carey, The Slave Trade, Domestic and Foreign.
    • 1853, Rufus Choate, "His Eulogy of Webster"
    • 1853, President Millard Fillmore, Letter Requesting a Japan - U.S. Agreement
    • 1854, Lithographs of Perry in Japan
    • The Abolitionist Hymn
    • 1854, “Report of the Committee of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Society, with the Act of Incorporation”
    • 1854 November 1, "Indian Fight in Texas", from The New-Orleans Picayune
    • 1854 December 26, Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel McCall, 4th US Infantry, "The Military in New Mexico"
    • 1855, Burning of the Steamship City of Newark
    • 1855, Massachusetts Personal Liberty Act
    • 1855-1863, Julia Louisa Lovejoy, Selected Letters from Kansas
    • 1856, Frederick Law Olmsted, A Journey in the Seaboard States
    • 1856, Preston Smith Brooks, "In Defense of His Attack on Sumner: "
    • 1856, Charles Sumner, "On the Crime Against Kansas"
    • 1854, Kansas Nebraska Act
    • 1854, Abraham Lincoln Speaks on the Kansas Nebraska Act
    • 1854, Newspaper Editorials on the Kansas-Nebraska Bill
    • 1856, Charles Sumner, On the Crime Against Kansas
    • 1856, Newspaper Editorials on the Caning of Sumner March
    • 1856, Scott vs. Sandford, The Dred Scott Case
    • Newspaper Editorials on the Dredd Scott Case
    • 1856, Republican Party Platform
  • Administration of James Buchanan, 1857-1861
    • 1857, James Buchanan, Inaugural Address
    • 1857, McGuffey's New Sixth Eclectic Reader: Exercises in Rhetorical Reading, With Introductory Rules and Examples
      (Cincinnati: Sargent, Wilson and Hinkle, c1857)
      [Sixth-Grade Manual for Young Orators]
    • Testimony of the Canadian Fugitives
    • 1857 July, The discussion by The Hutchings' California Magazine of the Expropriation of the Lands and Rights of Mexican Residents of California
    • 1857, McGuffey's New High School Reader: For Advanced Classes, Embracing About Two Hundred Classic Exercises (New York: Wilson, Hinkle and Co., c1857)
      [A Mid-Nineteenth-Century High School Textbook]
    • Frederick Douglass, 1817-1895, Autobiography
    • 1858, The Lincoln-Douglas Debates
    • 1858, Stephen Arnold Douglas, "In the First Debate with Lincoln"
    • 1858, William Henry Seward, "His "Irrepressible Conflict" Speech"
    • 1858, Abraham Lincoln, "A House Divided"
    • 1858, John Brown's Raid [in a Contemporary Newspaper]
    • 1858 October 25, William Seward, The Irrepressible Conflict
    • 1858, John N. Seguin, former Mayor of San Antonio After the Revolution in Texas
      [Reflects on the Status of Mexicans in the New Anglo-Dominated State]
    • 1859 July, Proclamation by Juan Nepomuceno Cortina
      [Rebel in Texas and, Later, Border Raider Across the Rio Grande]
    • 1859 September, Juan Nepomuceno Cortina to the inhabitants of the State of Texas
    • 1859 September 30, A Second Proclamation Published by Juan Nepomuceno Cortina,
    • 1859 October 15, Col. Robert E. Lee, “John Browns Raid on Harper’s Ferry”
    • 1859 November 23, Juan Cortina, Proclamation to the Mexicans of Texas
    • 1859, Newspaper Articles about John Brown's Raid
    • 1859 November 2, John Brown's Final Address to the Court
    • 1859, John Brown, "His Speech to the Court at His Trial"
    • An Early Stage Play About John Brown, from The Kansas Historical Quarterly
    • 1859 December 12, What John Brown Did In Kansas, Representative Andrew Johnson, Tennessee
    • 1859, Randolph B. Marcy, Captain, U. S. Army, The Prairie Traveler: A Hand-book for Overland Expeditions
    Return to the top of the page
    1860
    • WWW-VL: US History: The Civil War
    • 1860, The Population of the United States Was 31,443,321
    • 1860 February 27, Abraham Lincoln, Cooper Institute Address
    • 1860, Democratic Platform (Douglas Faction)
    • 1860, Democratic Platform (Breckenridge Faction)
    • 1860, Republican Platform 1860
    • "Lincoln and Liberty"
      [words and music of Lincoln's campaign song in the election of 1860]
    • Words and Music to Union Songs
    • Songs of the Confederacy
    • Words and Music to Popular Songs of the Day
    • Avalon: Collection of Documents of the Confederate States of America
      [This collection includes many short documents and many major papers:]
    • 1860 December 18, Amendments Proposed in Congress by Senator John J. Crittenden
    • 1860, The Crittenden Compromise
    • 1860, William Lowndes Yancey, "His Speech of Protest in the Charleston Convention"
    • 1860, Statement of the Justifications for Secession, Set Forth by a South Carolinian
    • 1861, Jefferson Davis, "On Withdrawing from the Union"
    • 1861, February 8, Confederate States of America. Constitution for the Provisional Government;
    • 1861 February 18, Jefferson Davis, Inaugural Address
    • 1861 February 8-27, Amendments Proposed by the Peace Conference
    • 1861, February 15, A Resolution for the Appointment of Commissioners to the Government of the United States of America
    • 1861, Abraham Lincoln, "His Farewell Words in Springfield"
  • Administration of Abraham Lincoln, 1861-1865
    • 1861, Abraham Lincoln, 1st Inaugural Address
    • 1861 February 21, Letter of President Davis to President Lincoln
    • 1861 February 26, Confederate States of America Veto Message (Slave Trade)
    • Henry Maine, Ancient Law
    • 1861 March 27, William Russell, "Views of President Lincoln"
    • 1861, Edward D. Baker, "His Reply to Breckenridge "
    • 1861, "The Civil War, 1861"
    • 1861 April 12, Stephen D. Lee, The Surrender of Ft. Sumpter, South Carolina
    • 1861 July 21, Samuel J. English, "The First Battle of Bull Run"
    • "Battle of First Bull Run", by Ted Ballard [Staff Ride Guide]
    • 1861, Declarations of Causes of Secession [Civil War]
    • 1861, Ordinances of Secession
    • 1861, South Carolina's Address to the Slaveholding States
    • 1861, Address of George Williamson to the Texas Secession Convention
    • 1861, Speech of E.S. Dargan to the Alabama Secession Convention
    • 1861, First Message of Governor Isham Harris to the Tennessee Assembly
    • 1861, Second Message of Governor Isham Harris to the Tennessee Assembly
    • 1861 March 11, Constitution of the Confederate States of America
    • 1861 March 27, William Russell, “Views of President Lincoln”
    • 1861 April 17, Proclamation of Jefferson Davis Authorizing Privateers
    • 1861 April 29, Message to Congress of the Confederate States (Ratification of the Constitution)
    • 1861, April. Circuit Court of Maryland, ex parte Merryman
      [denied presidential power to suspend the writ of Habeas corpus]
    • 1861 July 14, Sullivan Ballou, Letter to his Wife
    • 1861 October 20, "The Battle of Ball's Bluff ", by Ted Ballard [Staff Ride Guide]
    • "The Battle Hymn of the Republic"
    • Text of "Dixie Land"
      [The most popular Southern marching song]
    • 1862, "The Civil War, 1862"
    • 1862, Text of Lorena
      [a popular ballad of the times]
    • 1862-1863, The Cruise of the CSS Alabama, Raphael Semmes commanding
    • 1862 March 9, S. Dana Greene, "Battle of the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia
    • 1862 April 6, Henry Morton Stanley, "The Battle of Shiloh"/A>
    • 1862 April 7, Treaty between United States and Great Britain for the Suppression of the Slave Trade
    • 1862 September 15, Lt.. Frederick Hitchcock, 132d Penn. Vol.. Infantry, and David Thompson, 9th N.Y. Vol.. Infantry, "Carnage At Antietam,"
    • "Battle of Antietam", by Ted Ballard [Staff Ride Guide]
    • 1863 January 1, John Nicolay and John Hay, "Signing of the Emancipation Proclamation
    • 1863, Louisa May Alcott, Hospital Sketches
    • 1863 April 24, Francis Lieber, "Instructions For The Government Of Armies Of The United States In The Field"
    • 1862 May 20, The Homestead Act
    • 1862 July 1, The Pacific Railway Act
    • 1862 July 7, Letter from General George B. McClellan to Abraham Lincoln
      [on the Union defeat in the Peninsular Campaign]
    • 1862 August 29-30, "The Battle of Second Manassas", by Joseph W. A. Whitehorne, [A Self-Guided Tour]
    • 1862 December 2, Proclamation Of Amnesty
    • 1863 July 1-3, Tillie Pierce, "The Battle of Gettysburg
    • 1863 July 4 , General John Imboden, CSA, "Lee's Retreat From Gettysburg"
    • 1863 August, Richard Cordley, The Lawrence Massacre (pub. 1865)
    • 1863, Dorothea Dix, "Memorial to the Massachusetts Legislature"
    • 1863, Dorothea Dix, "Memorial to the Massachusetts Legislature"
    • 1863, Lieutenant Frank Aretas Haskell, 6th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, "The Battle of Gettysburg"
    • 1863 November 19, Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address
    • "All Quiet Along the Potomac"
    • Marching Song of the First Arkansas
    • 1864-1865, "The Civil War, 1864 - 1865"
    • 1864 July 8, Abraham Lincoln, Proclamation on the Wade-Davis Bill
    • 1864 August 5, The Wade-Davis Manifesto
    • 1864 September-December 22, Dolly Sumner Lunt, "Sherman's March to the Sea"
    • 1864 September 22, Abraham Lincoln, The Emancipation Proclamation
    • "The Battle of New Market ", by Joseph W. A. Whitehorne [A Self-Guided Tour]
    • 19 October 1864, "The Battle of Cedar Creek", Virginia, by Joseph W. A. Whitehorne [A Self-Guided Tour]
    • 1864 October 22, Simonoseki Indemnities :
      [regarding a rebellious local lord in Japan]
    • 1864 November, Presidential Election [Click on "results by Year"and scroll down to "1864"]
    • 1864-1865, Documents on the Sand Creek Massacre
    Return to the top of the page
    1865
    • WWW-VL: History: US Reconstruction
    • 1865 March 4, Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Address
    • 1865 April, Thomas Thatcher Graves, "Lincoln Enters Richmond"
    • 1865 April 7, General R.E. Lee,"Surrender at Appomattox"
    • 1865, Terms of Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox
    • 1865 April 10, Lee’s Farewell to His Army
    • 1865 April 17, Gideon Welles, "The Death of President Lincoln"
    • 1865 Nay-June, Sarah Raymond, "Crossing the Plains"
  • Administration of Andrew Johnson, 1865-1869
    • 1865 - 1898, "Winning the West: The Army in the Indian Wars, 1865-1890"
    • 1865 July 7, Lieutenant Edward Doherty, "The Death of John Wilkes Booth"
    • Albert Underwood's Civil War Diary
    • 1865, Paul Jennings' Reminiscences of James Madison
    • 1865, An Act To Establish A Bureau For The Relief Of Freedmen And Refugees
    • 2866, Proclamation Declaring the Insurrection at an End
    • 1865 April 9, The Civil Rights Act
    • 1865 October 14, Treaty with the Cheyenne and Arapaho [Little Arkansas River Treaty]
    • 1866 June 13, 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Passed by Congress : Civil Rights
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1866 June 20, Report of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction
    • 1866, Proclamation Declaring the Insurrection at an End
    • 1866, Jean Baptiste Lamy (1814-1888), Describes Conditions in New Mexico
    • 1866, Edward Everett,"The Issue in the Revolution"
    • The Little Sod Shanty On My Claim
      [Song about homesteading on the plains]
    • 1867, A First-Grade Textbook, McGuffey's Newly Revised Eclectic Primer: Newly Illustrated. (Cincinnati: Wilson, Hinkle and Co., c1867)
    • 1867 January 21, Second-Lieutenant George A. Armes, 2nd US Cavalry, "Indian Pursuit"
    • 1867 January, Frederick Douglass, Appeal to Congress for Impartial Suffrage,
    • 1867 March 30, Russian Treaty
      ["Seward's Folly", the purchase of Alaska]
    • 1868 April 29, Fort Laramie Treaty,
      [Treaty with "Sioux Nation"]
    • 1868 November 30, From New York Times, Letter from General Custer to General Sheridan reporting on the battle of the Washita
    • 1868-1874 The Buffalo Harvest
  • Administration of Ulysses S. Grant, 1869-1877
    • 1869, Ulysses S. Grant, First Inaugural Address
    • 1869, May 10, Alexander Toponce, " Completing the Transcontinental Railroad
    • John 1869-1872, John Wesley Powell, Exploration of the Colorado River of the West and Its Tributaries Explored in 1869, 1870, 1871, and 1872
    • 1870, .14 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1870, The Population of the United States Was 38,558,371
    • 1871 June 14, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, "Report of a Visit to the Ogalala Lakota"
    • 1871 November 15, Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
    • 1871, Mark Twain (1835-1910), Roughing It
    • 1872, A College Textbook in American History, A Manual of American Literature: A Text-Book for Schools and Colleges
      [Philadelphia : Eldredge and Brother, c1872]
    • 1872 March 1, Act Establishing Yellowstone National Park
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1872, Horace Greeley, "During His Campaign for President"
    • 18872, Carl Schurz, "A Plea for General Amnesty"
    • 1872 December 28, Captain John G. Bourke, "Battle With The Apache"
    • 1873 March 04, Ulysses S. Grant, Second Inaugural Address
    • 1873, H.H. Raymond, Buffalo Hunter Dairy: Old West Pioneer
    • 1873, Susan Brownell Anthony, "On Woman's Right to the Suffrage "
    • 1875, George William Curtis, "His Oration at Concord"
    • 1874, L.Q.C. Lamar, "On Sumner and the South"
    • 1874 October 9, General Postal Union;
    • 1874, George Armstrong Custer, General, U. S. Army, My Life on the Plains
    • 1874, Joseph G. McCoy, The Cattle Trade of the West and Southwest
    Return to the top of the page
    1875
    • WWW-VL: History: US The Gilded Age
    • WWW-VL: US American West
    • 1875, Brigham Young, deposition on the Mountain Meadows Massacre for the second trial of John D. Lee
    • 1876 April 1, Harper's Weekly Opposes a Senate Bill for Statehood for New Mexico
    • 1876 May 25, Napoleon Augustus Jennings, "Texas Rangers"
    • 1876, Chief Red Horse, Minniconjou Lakota, an eyewitness account of the Battle of the Little Bighorn
    • 1876, Robert Green Ingersoll, "His Speech Nominating Blaine for President"
    • 1876 June 25, George Herendon , " Custer's Last Stand"
      [From the New York Herald]
    • 1876 July, The New York TimesOn the Battle of the Little Big Horn
    • 1876 July 5, Major M.A. Reno, "Report on the Battle of Little Big Horn"
    • 1876 August 5, an editorial from the Harper's Weekly, on the Battle of the Little Big Horn
    • WWW-VL: History : US Populism
  • Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-1881
    • 1877, Rutherford B. Hayes, Inaugural Address
    • 1877-1879, Chief Joseph, selected statements and speeches by the Nez Perce leader
    • 1878 February. 28, Brand-Allison Act
      [Authorization of Limited Coinage of Silver]
    • 1878, Silver Purchase Act
      [repeal of Brand-Allison Act
    • 1878, 18 June, The Posse Comitatus Act
    • 1878, Bradwell v. Illinois
      [Women held constitutionally incapable of practicing many professions]
    • 1879 February 3, 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution Passed by Congress: Voting Rights
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1879, United States, ex rel. Standing Bear, v. George Crook, a Brigadier-General of the Army of the United States.
      [Indian entitled to personal rights]
    • 1879, Robert Louis Stevenson, "Traveling on an Emigrant Train"
    • 1879, Robert Green Ingersoll, "At His Brother's Grave"
    • 1879, Currier and Ives, "Steamboat Race Between the Natchez and Robert E. Lee
    • 1880, .72 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1890, The Population of the United States Was 62,979,766
    • 1880, Map: Boston, MA
    • 1880, Map: New York City NY
    • 1880 January 27, Thomas Edison's Patent Application for the Light Bulb
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1880 April 17, Testimony of Benjamin Singleton before Congress regarding African-American migration from the Southern states to Kansas
    • 1880, Dwight Lyman Moody, "What Think Ye of Christ?"
    • 1880, Roscoe Conkling, "His Speech Nominating Grant for a Third Term"
    • 1880 November 17, Chinese Exclusion Treaty
    • 1880, James Abram Garfield, "His Speech Nominating Sherman for President"
    • 1880, James Abram Garfield, "Sherman for President"
    • 1880, Ulysses Simpson Grant, "Reasons for Being a Republican"
  • Administration of James A. Garfield, 1881
  • Administration of Chester Arthur, 1881-1885
    • 1881, McGuffey's Eclectic Primer
      (New York: American Book Company, c1881)
      [A Late Nineteenth-Century Beginning Level Textbook,
    • 1881 September 18, From The New York Times, Report from General Carr on the Battle of Cibicu Creek
    • 1882, James Gillespie Blaine, "On the Death of Garfield "
    • 1882, Andy Adams, "A Cowboy in Dodge City"
    • 1882 March 6, Chinese Exclusion Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1882, Chinese Exclusion Act; May 6
    • 1882, Colonel Prentiss Ingraham< Adventures of Buffalo Bill from Boyhood to Manhood. Deeds of Daring, Scenes of Thrilling, Peril, and Romantic Incidents In the Early Life of W. F. Cody, the Monarch of Bordermen.[.pdf file]
      [The birth of the legend of "Buffalo Bill"]
    • 1883 January 16, Pendleton Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1883, Civil Service Act
    • 1883 July 1, Emmeline Wells, "Is It Ignorance?", from The Woman's Exponent
    • 1883, Mark Twain.Life on the Mississippi.
      [the era when paddle-wheel steamboats dominated the great waterways defense of plural marriages]
    • 1883, Emma Lazarus, "The New Colossus"
    • 1884, Charles Erskine Scott Wood, "The Pursuit and Capture of Chief Joseph"
    • 1884 Autumn, Solomon Butcher, "Ranchers and Farmers Collide in Nebraska"
  • Administration of Grover Cleveland, 1885-1889
    • 1885, Grover Cleveland, First Inaugural
    • 1886, Percy G. Ebbutt, Emigrant Life in Kansas
      [description of an English Boy’s experiences building a homestead in Kansas]
    • 1886, Henry Woodfin Grady, "The Old South and the New, "
    • 1886, Yick Wo v. Hopkins
      [A non-descriminatory law may be enforced in a discrimatory fashion]
    • 1887 February 4, Interstate Commerce Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1887 February 6, Dawes Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1887, Interstate Commerce Act
    • 1887, Dawes Act; February, 8
      [The government right to divide reservations among the resident Indians]
    • 1888 February 8, The Dawes Act [ending of tribal homelands]
    • 1888, Theodore Roosevelt, Ranch Life and the Hunting Trail
    • 1888, Ida Ellen Rath, The Rath Trail (pub. 1961)
      [Recollections of one of the most important dealers in buffalo hisdes]
  • Administration of Benjamin Harrison, 1889-1893
    • 1890, .76 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1890, The Population of the United States Was 62,979,766
    • 1890 April, Eugene V. Debs, "What Can We Do for Working People?"
      [.pdf file]
    • 1890, Mrs. Z. A. Parker, the Ghost Dance at Pine Ridge Reservation
    • 1896, Anna R. White, Youth's Education for Home and Society
    • 1890, Frances Elizabeth Willard, "Work Done for Humanity"
    • 1890, Mary Elizabeth Lease. "Wall Street Owns The Country"
    • 1890, Mary Elizabeth Lease, Speech to the Women's Christian Temperance Union
    • 1890, John M. Reynolds, Twin Hells
      [The Kansas State Penitentiary in 1890]
    • How the Other Half Lives, [Jacob Riis' stunning photo-essay capturing living conditions among the New York City poor at the height of the Gilded Age]
    • 1890 March 12, Proclamation of the "White Caps," New Mexico Bandits Protesting the Treatment of the Mexican-American Population
    • 1891, Wovoka, The Messiah Letter
    • 1890 July 2, Sherman Anti-Trust Act
    • 1890 July 2, Sherman Anti-Trust Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1890 August 18, Felix Martinez Discusses the Grievances That Have Motivated the White Caps
    • 1890 December 16, James McLaughlin, An Account of Sitting Bull's Death
    • 1890 December 29, Philip Wells, "Massacre At Wounded Knee"
    • 1890, Lakota accounts of the massacre at Wounded Knee
    • 1892, Walt Whitman, "The Spanish Element in Our Nationality"
    • 1892 October 5, David Elliott , "The Dalton Gang's Last Raid"
  • Administration of Grover Cleveland, 1893-1897
    • 1893, Grover Cleveland, Second Inaugural
    • 1893, Richard Parks Bland, "The Parting of the Ways"
    • 1893, September 16, Seth Humphrey, "The Oklahoma Land Rush"
    • 1894, Statement of the Principles of The League of United Latin-American Citizens, a Texas-Mexican Civic Organization
    • 1894, Charles F. Crisp, "In Closing the Wilson Tariff Bill Debate"
    • 1894, Thomas Brackett Reed, "In Closing the Wilson Tariff Bill Debate"
    • 1895, John Sherman, "On ‘The Crime of 1873' "
    • Conwell, Russell Herman: Acres of Diamonds
    • 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson
      [Supreme Court Decision establishing the principle of "Separate But Equal"]
    • 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1896, The "People's Party" Platform [the Populists]
    • 1896, Charles M. Sheldon, In His Steps
      [an influential novel promoting Christian reform of small-town ills]
  • Administration of William McKinley, 1897-1901
    • Geneva Conventions
    • 1897, William McKinley, First Inaugural
    • 1897, John Peter Altgeld, "On Municipal and Governmental Ownership"
    • 1897, Constitution of the State of Delaware
    • 1897, April, W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, Strivings of the Negro People
      [from The Atlantic,
    • 1897, November, "The Social Democracy," by Cyrus Field Willard. [.pdf file]
    • 1898, Annexation of the Hawaiian Islands
    • 1898, The De Lome Letter
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1898, Recognition of the Independence of Cuba
    • 1898 April 21, Act Declaring War Between The United States Of America And The Kingdom Of Spain
    • 1898, Map of the Spanish-American War
    • 1898, Maps of the Spanish American War
    • 1898, "Black Jack in Cuba: General John J. Pershing's Experience in the Spanish American War", by Kevin Hymel
    • 1898 June 11, Statement of Principles of the Social Democratic Party: Adopted at [.pdf file]
    • 1898 June 14, William Jennings Bryan. First Speech Against Imperialism
    • 1898 July 7, Joint Resolution to Provide for Annexing the Hawaiian Islands to the United States
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1898 July 7, Annexation Of The Hawaiian Islands
    • 1898 July 16, Eugene V. Debs, "The Future" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 December 10, Treaty of Peace With Spain
    • 1898, Treaty Of Paris With Spain
    • 1898 June 2, Rear-Admiral Sampson's Orders for the Blockade of Santiago [.pdf file]
    • 1898 June 8, Rear-Admiral Sampson's Orders for the Use of Searchlights at Night [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Commodore Schley, aboard the USS Brooklyn "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Captain Clark aboard the USS Oregon, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Captain Chadwick aboard the USS New York "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file] LI>1898 July 6, Captain Robert Evans aboard the USS Iowa, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Captain J. W. Philip aboard the USS Texas, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Captain H. C. Taylor aboard the USS Indiana,"Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Lieutenant-Commander Chadwick aboard the USS Gloucester, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Seaman Alfred Schaeffer, aboard the USS Texas, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, Seaman George Keegan, aboard the USS Iowa, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 6, George Edward Graham, aboard the USS Brooklyn, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1898 July 15, from the Brooklyn Eagle, Rear-Admiral W.T. Sampson, aboard the USS New York, "Report on the Battle of Santiago" [.pdf file]
    • 1899, Andrew Carnegie, Wealth
    • 1899, Benjamin Harrison, Inaugural Address
    • 1899 June, Robert Lawson, "Train Robbery" [An escapade of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid]
    • 1899, Hubbard, Elbert, A message to Garcia
    • 1899 July 29, Hague Conventions
    • 1899 September, First Open Door Note
    • 1899, Edward L. Wheeler, Deadwood Dick's Doom; or, Calamity Jane's Last Adventure, a Tale of Death Notch [.pdf file]
      [Popular literature of the day for young people. Help to create the myth of "The Old West"]
    • 1899, Theodore Roosevelt, The Rough Riders
      [Roosevelt's Famous Volunteer Cavalry Force]
    • The Wabash Cannonball, Text
    Return to the top of the page
    1900
    • WWW-VL: US 1900s History
    • 1900, .17 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • The National Debt was , 136, 961, 091.67
    • 1900, The Population of the United States Was 76,212,168
    • 1900, Map: Los Angeles CA [East]
    • 1900 January, "A Trip to Girard," by "Wayfarer" [.pdf file]
    • 1900 March 23, "Their Own Hotheadedness Justifies Violence Against Southern Blacks",
      [a speech by Senator Benjamin R."Pitchfork Ben" Tillman]
    • 1900, Captain A.B. Dyer, Sixth Artillery, USA, Handbook for Light Artillery
    • 1900 March 14, Gold Standard Act
    • 1900 August 8, William Jennings Bryan, "Against Imperialism"
      [image, text and audio file of an excerpt]
    • 1900, Burt L. Standish, "Frank Meriwell's limit "[.pdf file]
      [a typical story from a weekly magazine for young people]
    • 1900, September, "Why I Am a Socialist," by George Herron [.pdf file]
    • 1900 September 8, Milton Elford, "The Galveston Hurricane"
  • Election of 1900
    • 1900, Democratic Party Platform
    • 1900, Republican Party Platform
    • 1900 November, Results of the General Election
    • 1901 July, N. Hudson Moore, The Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo, Part 1
      [from The Delineator Magazine]
    • 1901, The National Debt was , 143, 326, 933.89
    • 1901, Map: Chicago IL
    • 1901 August, N. Hudson Moore, The Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo, Part 2
      [from The Delineator Magazine]
    • 1901, Buffalo World's Fair: "The Pan-American Exposition"
      [illustrations]
    • 1901, Buffalo World's Fair: The Pan-American Exposition
      [text]
    • 1901 February 14, The Jamestown Exposition
    • 1901 March 4, William McKinley, Second Inaugural
    • 1901, Booker T. Washington, Up from Slavery: An Autobiography
    • 1901 March, 1901 March, W. E. Burghardt Du Bois, The Freedman's Bureau
      [from The Atlantic [.pdf file
    • 1901, "White House Blues" - The Assassination of William McKinley
      [song: text and audio]
  • Administration of Theodore Roosevelt, 1901-1909
    • 1901, Ike Hoover, "The Roosevelts Move into the White House"
    • 1901 October 6, Child Labor and the Law, by Homer Folks
    • 1901, Grover Cleveland, " His Eulogy of McKinley"
    • 1902, Map: Los Angeles CA [Old Westside]
    • 1902 June 28, Panama Canal Act
    • 1902, The National Debt was , 158, 610, 445.89
    • 1902, Jacob A. Riis, The Battle with the Slum
      [Sequel to How the other Half Lives]
    • 1902 August, A.M. Simons, "Lines of Division in American Socialism" [.pdf file]
    • 1902 September 25, Sadie Frowne, "Days and Dreams"
      [working in a sweatshop; published in The Independent]
    • 1902, Charles H. Vail, "Socialism and the Negro Problem"
      [.pdf file]
    • 1902, "Socialism and the Negro Problem," by Charles H. Vail [.pdf file]
    • 1902, George Frisbie Hoar, "Subjugation of the Philippines Iniquitous"
    • 1903, Map: Boston, MA
    • 1903, The National Debt was , 202, 464, 781.89
    • 1903 January 29-31, "Resolutions of National Executive Committee, Socialist Party of America [.pdf file]
    • 1903 February 23, Agreement Between the United States and Cuba for the Lease of Lands for Coaling and Naval stations
    • 1903, W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk
      [Leader of African=American Civil Rights Movement]
    • 1903 May 22, The Platt Amendment
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1903, Proclamation by President Theodore Roosevelt upon the death of John Hay
    • 1903 October, "The Disintegration of the SLP and the Establishment of the Socialist Party of America," by Morris Hillquit [.pdf file]
    • 1903 October, "What Revolutionary Socialism Means," by Carl D. Thompson [.pdf file]
    • 1903 November 18, Convention with Panama for the Construction of a Ship Canal (Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty)
    • 1903 November, "The Negro and the Class Struggle," by Eugene V. Debs [.pdf file]
    • 1903, John Hay, "His Tribute to McKinley"
    • 1903 December 17, Orville Wright , "The Wright Brothers' The First Powered Flight"
    • 1904, The National Debt was , 264, 003, 585.14
    • 1903, Peter Finley Dunne (1867-1936), "Mr. Dooley Says. . ."
      [Note that these essays are written in an imitation of a thick Irish brogue]
    • 1903, 1907, "Early Adventures with the Automobile"
    • 1904, Ida Tarbell, The History of the Standard Oil Company
      [A remarkable expose of ruthless business practices]
    • 1904, Convention Between the United States and the Republic of Panama
  • Election of 1904
    • 1904, Democratic Party Platform
    • 1904, Republican Party Platform
    • 1904, Socialist Eugene V. Debs Speaks During the Presidential Campaign [audio] [audio]
    • 1904 November, Results of the General Election
    • 1904 and 1905, Theodore Roosevelt's Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • WORDS to One Big Industrial Union, a anthem of the IWW
      • And MUSIC [to the rally-song of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)]
    • 1905, .51 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1905, The National Debt was , 274, 615, 063.84
    • 1905, Theodore Roosevelt, Inaugural Address
    • 1905, June 29, Eugene V. Debs, Speech at the Founding of the IWW, the Industrial Workers of the World
    • 1905, Sadie Frowne, "Immigrating to America"
    • 1905, Mark Twain, "The War Prayer"
      [A Reaction to American Military Action Against the Insurrectionists in the Philippines]
    • 1905 August, "The Industrial Convention," by Eugene V. Debs [.pdf file]
    • 1905, Theodore Roosevelt,"On American Motherhood"
    • 1906, The Ships of the United States Navy
      [images]
    • 1905, The National Debt was , 337, 161, 839.04
    • 1906 January 25 - 1909 November 15, A Lynching in Tennessee: The Case of Sheriff Joseph F. Shipp
    • 1906 April 14, Theodore Roosevelt, "The Man with the Muck-rake"
      [image and text]
    • 1906 April 18, The San Francisco Earthquake
    • 1906 May 5, Theodore Roosevelt, The Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Lecture
    • 1906 May 15, President Theodore Roosevelt awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1906 July 29, Naturalization Act
    • 1906 October 10, Mary Church Terrell, "What it Means to be Colored in the...U.S."
      [image and text]
    • 1906, Upton Sinclair, The Jungle
      [An expose of conditions in Chicago's Union Stockyards and, by extension, the quality of the food that the American people were consuming]
    • 1906, The Voice of William Howard Taft
      [scroll down and click to activate this audio file]
    • 1906, William Howard Taft Speaks on the Rights of Labor to Unionize
      [audio. Click on "Listen" 2.2 minutes]
    • 1906, The South Dakota National Guard Goes to Fort Riley
      [An account of the annual training session of a unit of the National Guard]
    • 1907 January 26, Prohibition Of Campaign Contributions by Corporations
    • 1907, The National Debt was , 457, 188, 061.54
    • 1907, Theodore Roosevelt, The Conservation of Natural Resources December 3
    • 1908, Map: Las Vegas NV
    • 1908, The National Debt was , 626, 806, 271.54
    • 1908, Map: New Orleans LA
    • 1908 July, Charles Sorensen, "The Production of the Ford Model T Motor Car"
    • 1908, Declaration of the Conservation Conference of Governors,
    • 1908 May 21, "A Short Speech Amongst Friends: Girard, Kansas," by Eugene V. Debs [.pdf file]
  • Election of 1908
  • Administration of Theodore Roosevelt, 1901-1909
    • 1909, William Howard Taft, Inaugural
    • 1909, The National Debt was , 639, 546, 241.04
    • 1909 May 29, Constitution of the Christian Socialist Fellowship
      [.pdf file]\
    • 1909, William Howard Taft Speaks on "America's Responsibility to Spread Civilization, Christianity and Democracy to Other Nations"
      [audio. Click on "Listen" 3.1 minutes]
    • 1909 November 12, Story of the Great Cherry Coal Mine Disaster
    • 1909 November, Clara Lemlich. "Life in the Shop"
      [organizer of a sweatshop workers' strike; published in The New York Evening Journal]
    • 1909, Robert E. Peary Describes Planting the American Flag at the North Pole [audio]

Return to the top of the page
1910
  • WWW-VL: US 1910s History
    • 1910, .11 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1910, The National Debt was , 639, 546, 241.04
    • 1910, The Population of the United States Was 92,228,496
    • 1910, Map: Austin TX
    • 1910 May, "Hoboes Over 8,000 Miles," by Thomas J. Mooney [.pdf file]
    • 1910, Jane Addams, Twenty Years at Hull-House
    • 1910, Photos of Sweatshop Working Conditions
    • 1910, "Steamboat Bill" - A Song of the Great Days of the Mississippi Paddle=Wheel Steamboats
      [song: text and audio]
    • 1910, Emma GoldmanAnarchism and Other Essays
    • 1910, William Jennings Bryan on the Popular Election of Senators
      [Audio. Time: 1.4 min. From the Vincent Voice Library]
    • 1910, Theodore Roosevelt, "The New Nationalism"
    • 1911, The National Debt was , 652, 665, 838.04
    • 1911, Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v United States
      [landmark anti-trust decision]
    • 1911, The National Debt was , 765, 600, 606.69
    • The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
      • 1911 March 25, "141 Men and Girls Die in Waist Factory Fire, "
        [from The New York Times on the Triangle Shirtwaist Disaster
      • 1911 March 25, Photos of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
      • 1911 December 3 - 27, The Trial of the Owners of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
      • "The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Trial, " by Douglas Linder (c) 2002
      • 1911 March 26 - December 28, Accounts of the Fire and Ensuing Events,
        From the New York Times
      • Excerpts from Trial Testimony
      • Trial Summations
      • 1912, Preliminary Report of the New York Factory Investigating Commission
      • "Ballad of the Triangle Fire, " by Ruth Rubin
    • 1911, Algie Martin Simons, Social Forces in American History
      (New York: Macmillan Co., 1911) [A Socialists's view of American History]
    • 1911 June, "Patriotism," by Ralph Korngold [.pdf file]
    • 1911 September, "The New Review: A Socialist Weekly, (A Prospectus)." [.pdf file]
    • 1911, William S. Hart , "Birth of the Hollywood Cowboy"
    • 1911, Rose Cohen, "My First Job"
      [by a survivor of the Triangle sweatshop fire]
    • 1912, William Jennings Bryan on Railroads
      [Audio. Time: 2.0 min. From the Vincent Voice Library]
    • 1912, William Jennings Bryan on American Labor Issues
      [Audio. Time: 2.2 min. From the Vincent Voice Library]
    • 1912 March, "'Nigger' Equality, " by Kate Richards O'Hare [.pdf file]
    • 1912, The National Debt was , 868, 373, 874.16
    • 1912, The Voice of William Jennings Bryan
      [scroll down and click to activate this audio file]
    • 1912, Training the Little Home Maker , by Mabel Louise Keech.
    • 1912 April 16, "Harriet Quimby, "The First Woman to Fly the English Channel"
    • 1912, "St. Louis Blues" by W.C. Handy, an Early Blues Song
      [song: text and audio]
    • 1912 March, "'Nigger' Equality," by Kate Richards O'Hare [.pdf file]
    • 1912 April 16, "Harriet Quimby, "The First Woman to Fly the English Channel"
    • 1912, Former Secretary of State Elihu Root Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1912, "A New York Detective", Ching Foo, the Yellow Dwarf; or the Bradys and the Opium Smokers [.pdf file]
      [As usual., the Bradys battle sinister Chinese]
    • Election of 1912
    • 1912, Former Secretary of State Elihu Root Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1912, "A New York Detective", Ching Foo, the Yellow Dwarf; or the Bradys and the Opium Smokers [.pdf file]
      [As usual., the Bradys battle sinister Chinese]
    • 1912, Excerpts from The Constitution of the State of New Mexico
    • 1912 December, Elihu Root, The Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Lecture

    Return to the top of the page
    1913
  • Administration of Woodrow Wilson, 1913-1921
    • 1913, The National Debt was , 916, 204, 913.66
    • 1913, Woodrow Wilson, First Inaugural
    • 1913, The Armory Show
      [the jolting introduction of modern art to America]
    • 1913 February 4, 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Federal Income Tax
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1913 March 5, "Debs on IWW: A Letter to William English Walling from Eugene V. Debs in Terre Haute, Indiana [.pdf file]
    • 1913 April 4, Woodrow Wilson, "First Inaugural Address"
      [image and text]
    • 1913 April 8, 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Direct Election of U.S. Senators
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1913, Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1913, Kansas Penitentiary
    • 1913, Woodrow Wilson, Monopoly or Opportunity?
    • 1913, The Ludlow Massacre
    • 1913 April 20, "The Ludlow Massacre", discussed by Howard Zinn
    • 1913, Federal Reserve Act December 23
    • 1914, The National Debt was , 912, 499, 269.16
    • 1914, U.S. Army Order of Battle
    • 1914-1918, Maps of World War I
    • 1914 March, "Jesus, the Supreme Leader," by Eugene V. Debs [.pdf file]
    • 1914 April 20, President Wilson's Message to Congress Concerning the Tampico Incident
    • 1914, May, Colonel House's Report to President Wilson
    • President 1914 August 19, Wilson's Declaration of Neutrality
    • 1914 September 19, The US Statement on the Status of Armed Merchant Vessels
    • 1914, September 26, Establishment of the Federal Trade Commission
    • 1914, Clayton Anti-Trust Act October 15,
    • 1914 November 13, Letter Concerning William Jennings Bryan's Opinion of the Great War
    • 1914 December Brougham's Memorandum of Interview with President Wilson
    • 1914-1915, U.S. Protests Against Maritime Warfare
    • 1914, U.S. Army Order of Battle
    • 1914-1915, Development of U.S. Neutrality Policy
    • 1914-1915, U.S. Policy on War Loans to Belligerents
    • 1915, .58 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1915, The National Debt was $, 058, 136, 873.16
    • 1915, "Joe Hill's Last Will" - A Hero and Martyr of the I.W.W.
      [song: text and audio]
    • 1915-1918, U.S. Naval Losses in the First World War
      • 1915-1918, Merchant Ships Sunk or Damaged during World War I
      • 1915-1918, Ships Sunk by German Raiders
      • 1915-1918, Ships Sunk or Damaged by Enemy Torpedo, Gunfire, or Bombs
      • 1915-1918, Ships Sunk or Seriously Damaged from Miscellaneous Causes
      • 1915-1918, Ships Mined
    • 1915 January 22, Letter from Theodore Roosevelt to Sir Edward Grey
    • 1917 February 3, President Wilson's Speech to Congress Regarding Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare
    • 1915 February 10, Wilson's First Warning to the Germans
    • 1915 February 8 and 11-1916 February 22, The House-Grey Memorandum
    • 1915 April 4, Woodrow Wilson Speaks on the rights of the American Indians
      [audio. Click on "Listen" 1.2 minutes]
    • 1915 April 28, William Jennings Bryan, American Protest Over the Sinking of the Lusitania
    • 1915 May 10, "America Must Be a Special Example,"
    • 1915 May 7, Captain Walter Schwieger, “The Sinking of the Lusitania”
    • 1915 May 13, Wilson's First Lusitania Note to Germany
    • 1915 July 21, Wilson's Protest to the Germans
    • 1915 August 26, Wilson's Change of Attitude on War Loans
    • 1915, Kate Richards O'Hare, I Denounce, March from the The National Rip-Saw
    • 1915, Felix Adler, The World Crisis and Its Meaning
    • 1916, .37 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1916, The National Debt was , 609, 244, 262.16
    • 1916, WORDS to The Roses of Picardy [a famous war-time ballad]
    • 1916 February 19, Eugene V. Debs, " The Prospect for Peace" in American Socialist
    • 1916 April 19, Wilson on the Sussex Case
    • Housekeeping, by Elizabeth Hale Gilman
    • 1916, Carrie Chapman Catt, "The Crisis"
      [text]
    • 1916, Houston Railway vs. United States
      [Challenge to Congress' power to control interstate commerce]
    • 1916 November 26, "Manifesto of the Socialist Propaganda League of America" [.pdf file]
    • 1916, John Dewey, Democracy and Education : an Introduction to the Philosophy of Education [The Father of "Modern Education"]
    • The Election of 1916

    Return to the top of the page
    1917
    • 1917 , .30 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1917, The National Debt was , 717, 770, 279.52
    • 1917, Map: Seattle WA
    • 1917, Map: Los Angeles CA [Downtown]
    • 1917, Map: New York City NY
    • 1917, William F. Cody, Life and Adventures of "Buffalo Bill"
    • 1917 January 18, The Zimmermann Telegram
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1917 January 19, The Zimmerman Note to the German Minister to Mexico
    • 1917 January 22, Address of the President of the United States to the Senate
    • 1917, Woodrow Wilson, Second Inaugural Address
    • 1917 March 20, Telegram from the American Consulate General in Petrograd to the U.S. Secretary of State
    • 1917 March 20, Lansing's Memorandum of the US Cabinet Meeting
    • 1917 April 2, Wilson's War Message to Congress
    • 1917 April 3, President Woodrow Wilson, Joint Address to Congress
      Leading to a Declaration of War Against Germany
      [image, notes and transcription]]
    • 1917 April 4, Senator Norris Opposes U.S. Entry into the War
    • 1917, James Ford Rhodes, History of the Civil War, 1861 1865
      [Summary by the Outstanding Historian of His Day]
    • 1917 April 6, Declaration Of War Against Germany
    • 1917-1918, Emmett J. Scott, The American Negro in the World War
    • 1917-1918, Paul B. Hendrickson, The Letters, Diary, Postcards and Pictures of a World War I Soldier, [U.S. 33rd Division.]
    • 1917 April 15, "Do Your Bit For America"
    • 1917 April 12, Socialists Denounce U.S. Entry Into War
      from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch
    • 1917 May 9 - 1918, The Case of "Big Bill" Haywood, Labor Organizer and Leader of the IWW
      • 1916 December 3, Decision of the Supreme Court Regarding the Appeal of William Haywood [holding that Haywood had no constitutional right to argue against his forcible extradition to Idaho]
      • 1917 June 6, Testimony of Harry Orchar testifies about Murders in Idaho, from the New York Times
      • 1917 July, Excerpts from the State's Summation in the Haywood Trial
      • 1917 July, Excerpts from Clarence Darrow's Summation in the Haywood Trial
      • 1917 July 9, "Address to the Jury"
        [image and text]
    • 1917 April-1919 January, Jack Morris Wright, A Poet of the Air. Letters of Jack Morris Wright, First Lieutenant of the American Aviation in France,
    • 1917 October 6, Robert La Follette, "Free Speech in Wartime"
      [image and image]
    • 1917 November 4, Carrie Chapman Catt, "A Speech Before Congress"
      [image and text]
    • 1917-1918, US Troops Transported
    • 1917 November-1918 January, Marine Flyer in France. The Diary of Captain Alfred A. Cunningham
    • 1917, Constitution of the Socialist Party of America [.pdf file]
    • 1918-1919, Reeder Miller, Letters Written While on Duty with the American Expeditionary Forces France During the Great War
    • 1918, .74 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1918, The National Debt was , 592, 161, 414.00
    • 1918 January 8, President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points
    • 1918 March, Eugene V. Debs, "Marx and Young People,"
    • 1918 March 21, U.S. Railway Control Act
    • 1918 May 16, The U.S. Sedition Act
    • 1918 May-June, The Allied Appeal for Rapid American Assistance
      [Allies' intervention in Russian civil war]
    • 1918 June 6, Leutnant von Buy, German Interrogation Officer, "Assessment of the US 2nd Division" [.pdf file]
    • 1918 June 6, Report of Lieutenant-Colonel F.M. Wise, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment, on the Battle of Belleau Wood [.pdf file]
    • 1918 June 11, Report of Brigadier-General James G. Harbord, 4th Marine Brigade, on the Battle of Belleau Wood [.pdf file]
    • 1918 June 9-10, Americans Take Belleau Wood
    • 1918 June 16, Eugene V. Debs, Speech Against the War
      [text]
    • 1918 June 13, Report of Colonel Walter S. Grant, AEF, on the Battle of Belleau Wood [.pdf file]
    • 1918 July 17, U.S. Participation in the Archangel Expedition
    • 1918 July 31, Liberty Defense Union Letter
    • 1918 July 31, Liberty Defense Union Letter
    • 1918 November 4, Colonel Edward House, Interpretation of President Wilson's Fourteen Points
    • 1918 November 5, The Allies' Conditional Acceptance of the Fourteen Points
    • 1918 November 9-11, The New York Times Reports the End of the War
    • 1918 November 10, The Allies' Armistice Demands
    • 1918 November 11. Col. Thomas Gowenlock, 1st Division, A.E.F., "Armistice - The End of World War"
    • 1918, The Espionage Act of 1918
    • World War I Document Archive
    • WWI Resources Centre
    • Words to Caissons Go Rolling Along
      • And music [to the song of the United States Field Artillery]
    • 1918 December-1919 February, "A View of the Trial," by Adolph Germer [.pdf file]
    • 1919, The National Debt was , 390, 970, 113.12
    • 1919, .78 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1919 January 8, "A New Appeal," by John Reed
      [scroll down. Downloadable .pdf file>
    • 1919 January 8, "The Situation in Ohio," by Eugene V. Debs [.pdf file]
    • 1919 January 18, Signing of the Treaty of Versailles
    • 1919 January 21, "A View of the Trial," by Adolph Germer
      [scroll down. Downloadable .pdf file>
    • 1919 February 4, Anna Louise Strong, "No One Knows Where"
    • 1919 February 12, "The End of War," by C.E. Ruthenberg [.pdf file]
    • 1919, The Voice of Tom Mooney
      [scroll down and click to activate this audio file]
    • 1919, Abrams v, United States
      [On what bases can Government legitimately restrict freedom of expression ]
    • 1919 June: The Versailles Treaty, Complete Text
      • Articles 1, 30 and Annex. The Covenant of the League of Nations
      • Articles 31, 117, Political Clauses for Europe and Annexes
      • Articles 118-158. German Rights and Interests Outside Germany
      • Articles 159-213, Military, Naval and Air Clauses
      • Articles 214-226. Prisoners of War and Graves.
      • Articles 227-230. Penalties
      • Articles 231-247 and Annexes. Reparations
      • Articles 248-263. Financial Clauses
      • Articles 264-312. Economic Clauses
      • 1919 June, Peace Treaty of Versailles. Articles 313-320. Aerial Navigation
      • 1919, June; Peace Treaty of Versailles. Articles 321-386. Ports, Waterways and Railways
      • 1919, June; Peace Treaty of Versailles. Articles 387-399. Labour
      • Articles 400-427 and Annex. Procedure
      • Articles 428-433. Guarantees.
      • Articles 434-440 and Annex. Miscellaneous Provisions
    • 1919 May, "Debs Goes to Prison," by David Karsner<
    • 1919 August 26, "The Communist Party of America," by Nicholas I. Hourwich [Gurvich] [.pdf]
    • 1919- Justice Holmes Delivers the Majority Opinion in Schenk v. United States
      [Limitation of Freedom of Speech]
    • 1919, President Thomas Woodrow Wilson awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1919 July 25, President Woodrow Wilson's Address In Favour of the League of Nations
    • 1919 August 12, Henry Cabot Lodge, Against the League of Nations
    • 1919 August 25, US Peace Treaty with Germany
    • 1919 September 25, Woodrow Wilson, "Final Address in Support of the League of Nations"
      [image and text;]
    • 1919 October 2, Ike Hoover, "President Wilson Suffers a Stroke"
    • 1919 November, Reservations Drawn up by Republican Senators To the Treaty of Peace with Germany
    • 1919, The War with Germany: A Statistical Summary
    • 1919 December 6, Arnold Petersen, "Whippersnapper or Agent-Provocateur?" [.pdf file]
    • 1919 (1991 November), Testimony before the 102nd US Congress, concerning the AEF experience in Russia
    • 1919 December, Woodrow Wilson, The Nobel Peace Prize, Acceptance Speech

    Return to the top of the page
    1920

    • WWW-VL: US 1920s History
    • 1920, .28 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1920, The National Debt was , 952, 456, 406.16
    • 1920, The Population of the United States Was 106,021,537
    • 1920's, Aimee Semple McPherson: "The Baptism of the Holy Spirit"
    • 1920-1935, Will Rogers (1879 - 1935), "Quotes"
      [One of the most pungent critics of American social and political life in the 1920's and 1930's.]
    • 1920, Margaret Sanger, Woman and the New Race.
      [Founder of Planned Parenthood and Advocate of Women's Rights]
    • 1920, Crystal Eastman, "‘Now We Can Begin': What's Next?"
      [image and text]
    • 1920, March, Frederick Jackson Turner, The Frontier In American History
    • 1920, The Perry Home Cook Book
      [American Midwest cooking before cholesterol]
    • 1920 August 18, 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution: Women's Right to Vote
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1920 September 11 - 1927 August 3, The Tral of Sacc and Vanzetti
    • 1920 September, Samuel Bryan discusses Mexican Immigration into the United States
    • 1919-1921, The Black Sox Scandal and Trial
    • 1920 September 11 - 1927 August 3, The Sacco-Vanzetti Case: An Account, by Douglas Linder ©
    • 1920 October 15, "Radicalism in America," by Morris Hillquit [.pdf file]
    • 1920, John Dos Passos, One Man's Initiation: 1917
    • 1920, League of Nations Treaty
  • Election of 1920
  • Administration of Warren Harding, 1921-1923
    • 1921- Warren G. Harding, Inaugural Address
    • 1921, The National Debt was , 977, 450, 552.54
    • 1921 January 15, Letter from Arnold Petersen to N. Lenin [.pdf file]
    • 1921 May 1, "William D. Haywood, Communist Ambassador to Russia," by David Karsner [.pdf file]
    • 1921 May 1 - June 1, Race Riot in Tulsa,
    • 1921 August 24, US Peace Treaty with Austria
    • August 29, US Peace Treaty with Hungary
    • 1921 November 18, Margaret Higgins Sanger, "The Morality of Birth Control"
      [image and text]
    • 1922, The National Debt was , 963, 381, 708.31
    • 1922 October 2, "Review and Personal Statement, " by Eugene V. Debs [.pdf file]
  • Administration of Calvin Coolidge, 1923-1929
    • 1922 February 4, Washington Conference Establishing a Commission of Jurists to Consider Laws of War
    • 1922 February 6, Washington Treaty in Relation to the Use of Submarines and Noxious Gases in Warfare
    • 1923, The National Debt was , 349, 707, 365.36
    • 1923, The State of Tennessee v. John Scopes
    • 1923 August 2, Calvin Coolidge, "Coolidge Becomes President"
    • 1923 December 7, Margaret Mead, Letter to her grandmother, Martha Ramsay Mead,
      discussing her decision to retain her maiden name
    • 1924, The National Debt was , 250, 812, 989.49
    • 1924 September, Clarence Seward Darrow, "Mercy for Leopold and Loeb"
      [image and text; .pdf and audio files]
  • Election of 1924
    • 1924, Democratic Party Platform
    • 1924, Republican Party Platform
    • 1924, Progressive Party Platform
    • 1924 November, Results of the General Election
    • 1925 , .99 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1925- Calvin Coolidge, Inaugural Address
    • 1925, Vice-President Charles Gates Dawes awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1925 March, Margaret Sanger, "The Children's Era"
      [image and text]
    • 1925, The National Debt was , 516, 193, 887.90
    • 1925 July 20, Clarence Darrow Questions William Jennings Bryan
    • 1925 August 1, Joseph Brandon, "The Workers Party vs. The Socialist Labor Party"
      [.pdf file]
    • 1925 December, Charles G. Dawes, The Nobel Peace Prize, Acceptance Speech
    • 1926, The National Debt was , 643, 216, 315.19
    • 1926, The Philadelphia World's Fair: "The Sesqui-centennial Exposition"
    • 1926, James Weldon Johnson, The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man
    • 1927 March 5, Bertrand Russel: "Why I am Not a Christian"
    • 1926 October 2, "A Tribute to Debs," by Morris Hillquit [.pdf file]
    • 1927 May 20, Charles Lindbergh, "First Solo Flight Across the Atlantic"
    • 1927, Charles Lindbergh Speaks After his Historic Flight
    • 1927, The National Debt was , 511, 906, 931.85
    • 1927, Whitney v. California
      [Protection of women (but not men) in the workplace]
    • 1928, The National Debt was , 604, 293, 201.43
    • 1928, April, Eleanor Roosevelt, "Women Must Learn to Play the Game as Men Do."
    • 1928 April 30, "Casey Jones" - About a Wreck on the Illinois Central Railroad
      [song: text and audio]
    • 1928, Calvin Coolidge Speaks on "Equal Rights"
      [audio. Click on "Listen" 3.6 minutes]
    • 1928, Calvin Coolidge Speaks on the Cost of Government
      [audio. Click on "Listen" 2.3 minutes]
    • 1928 August 27, Treaty Providing for the Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy (Kellogg-Briand Pact)
    • 1928, Congressman John Box, in Favor of Restrictions on Mexican Immigration
    • 1928 December 21, Boulder Canyon Project Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
  • Election of 1928
  • Administration of Herbert Hoover, 1929-1933
    • Herbert Hoover Library
    • 1929, March 4 Herbert Hoover, Inaugural Address
    • 1928, The National Debt was , 604, 293, 201.43
    • 1929-1941, Photographs of the Great Depression
    • 1929, Former Secretary of State Frank Billings Kellogg awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1929, The National Debt was , 931, 088, 484.10
    • 1929 December 10, Frank B. Kellogg, The Nobel Peace Prize, Acceptance Speech
    Return to the top of the page
    1930
    • WWW-VL: US 1930s History
    • 1930 , .24 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1930, The National Debt was , 185, 309, 831.43
    • 1930, The Population of the United States Was 123,202,624
    • 1930, April, Eleanor Roosevelt, " Good Citizenship: The Purpose of Education"
    • 1930 December 12, Sinclair Lewis, The Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Lecture
    • 1931, Frederick Lewis Allen Only Yesterday: An Informal History of the 1920's
      [as revised, covers the years 1919-1933]
    • 1931, Jane Addams, The Nobel Peace Prize, Biography
    • 1931, Nicholas Murray Butler, The Nobel Peace Prize, Biography
    • 1931, The National Debt was , 801, 281, 491.71
    • 1931, Near v. Minnesota
      [Affirming that state as well as the Federal are restricted by the Bill of Rights]
    • 1931 February 18, Franklin D. Roosevelt, " A Program of Assistance for the Crippled"
    • 1931 May, Evalyn Walsh McLean , "The Bonus Army March Reaches Washington, D.C."
    • 1931, December, F.D.R., "The Challenge of the Depression"
    • 1932, March, Eleanor Roosevelt, " What Ten Million Women Want"
    • 1932, 2 July, FDR's Nomination Address
    • 1932, 21 September, FDR, The Portland Speech "Utilities Hydro-Electric Power"
  • Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933-1945
    • 1933, 4 March, Franklin D. Roosevelt, First Inaugural (text)
    • 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt. First Inaugural [Audio - RealPlayer]
    • 1933, The National Recovery Act.
    • 1933 May 7, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "Outlining the New Deal Program"
    • 1933 May 18, Tennessee Valley Authority Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1933 June 16, National Industrial Recovery Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1935 July 5, National Labor Relations Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1933 July 24, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On the Purposes and Foundations of the Recovery Program"
    • 1935 August 14, Social Security Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1933, The National Recovery Act (NRA)
    • 1933 October 10, Anti-war Treaty of Non-aggression and Conciliation (Saavedra Lamas Treaty)
    • 1933 October 22, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On the Currency Situation"
    • 1933, 25 October, Cael M. Mydans, "Why Ford Workers Strike"
    • 1933, 30 October, Mauritz A. Hallgrin, "The Right to Strike"
    • 1934 February 5, Senator Huey P. Long, D-LA, "A Speech to the American People."
      [advocate of radical reform]
    • 1934 June 28, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "Review of the Achievements of the Seventy-third Congress"
    • 1934 June 29, Creation of the First National Labor Relations Board. Executive Order No. 6763.
    • 1934, September 30. Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On Moving Forward to Greater Freedom and Greater Security"
    • 1934, November 11, Father Charles Coughlin, The National Union For Social Justice
    • 1935, Eleanor Roosevelt, "Women and the Vote"
    • 1935, The Social Security Act, with a Compilation of the Social Security Laws
    • 1935 April 28, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On the Works Relief Program"
    • A.L.A. Schecter Poultry Corporation v. United States
      [Declared unconstitutional the National Recovery Act]
    • 1935, December 12, Eleanor Roosevelt, "The Negro and Social Change"
    • 1936 January 8, Josephine Herbst, The German Underground War
      [Anti-Nazi Feeling Rises]
    • 1936: WPA Workers' Handbook
    • 1936, January 15, "The Supreme Court Swings the Ax"
      [Editorial from The Nation
    • 1936, March, Edwin Embree, "Southern Farm Tenancy"
    • 1936, May 8, Abstract of Conversation with Mr. John Maynard Keynes
    • 1936, "A Migrant Mother" [Illustrating the plight of migrants during the Dust Bowl]
    • 1936, August 27, Report of the Great Plains Drought Area Committee
    • 1936 September 6, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On Drought Conditions"
    • 1936 October 3 -Neville Chamberlain: Peace in Our Time
    • 1936, November, John Dewey Authority and Freedom
    • 1937, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Second Inaugural (text)
    • 1937-1945, Maps of the World War II in Asia and the Pacific
    • 1937 October 12, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat,
      "On Legislation to be Recommended to the Extraordinary Session of the Congress"
    • 1937, March 19, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fireside Chat
      n Reorganization of the Judiciary" [Audio, RealPlayer]
    • 1937 October, Franklin D. Roosevelt, "Quarantine" Speech
    • 1937 November 14, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On the Unemployment Census"
    • 1938, April 14, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On Economic Conditions"
    • 1938, Harlan Fiske Stone, "Carolene Products Footnote"
    • 1939, June 24, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On Party Primaries"
    • 1939-1945, Maps of World War II in Europe
    • 1939, September 3, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Fireside Chat, "On the European War"

    Return to the top of the page
    1940

    • WWW-VL: US 1940s History
    • WWW-VL: History: World War Two History
    • 1940 , .80 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1940, The National Debt was , 967, 531, 037.68
    • 1940, The Population of the United States Was 132,164,569
    • 1940, "Lili Marlene" - Favorite Song of Both Allies and Germans in the Second World War
      [song: text and audio]
    • Lili Marlene (German)
    • 1940-1950, Abbott & Costello: Who's on First
    • Audio mp3 of Act
      [a famous comedy routine of the period]
    • 1940 May 26, FDR Fireside Chat, "On National Defense"
    • 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address at Charlottesville
      [Pledging aid to England]
    • 1940 1 December, "Back of the Yards," Kathryn Close [Chicago slums and ethnic neighborhoods]
    • 1940, December 29, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Arsenal of Democracy"
    • 1941, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Third Inaugural
    • 1941 January 6, FDR's "Four Freedoms" Speech
    • 1941 January 10, Lend-Lease Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • The Reuben James, Words
    • And Music
    • 1941, Atlantic Charter, August
    • 1941, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Third Inaugural
    • 1940, September 29, FDR Fireside Chat, On National Security"
    • 1941 May 27, FDR Fireside Chat,"Announcing Unlimited National Emergency"
    • 1941 June 25, Executive Order 8802: Prohibition of Discrimination in the Defense Industry
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1941 September 11, FDR Fireside Chat, "On Maintaining Freedom of the Seas"
    • 1941, December 9, FDR Fireside Chat, "On the Declaration of War with Japan"
    • 1941, "Day of Infamy" Speech, 8 December (text)
    • 1941, President Roosevelt asks Congress to declare war on Japan, 8 December [Audio, RealPlayer]
    • 1942 February 19, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Japanese Relocation Order, Executive Order 9066
    • 1942 February 19, Executive Order 9066: Resulting in the Relocation of Japanese
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1942, The Citizens' Committee for the Defense of Mexican-American Youth defends Young Mexicans arrested in Los Angeles
    • 1942, Juanita Garcia, a migratory farm worker in California, testifying before a Congressional Committee
    • 1942 February 23, FDR Fireside Chat, "On Progress of the War"
    • 1942 February 28, Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement
    • 1942 April 28, FDR Fireside Chat, "On Our National Economic Policy"
    • 1942 September 7, FDR Fireside Chat, "On Inflation and Progress of the War"
    • 1942 October 12, FDR Fireside Chat, "Report on the Home Front"
    • 1943 May 2, FDR Fireside Chat, "On the Coal Crisis"
    • 1943 July 28, FDR Fireside Chat, "On Progress of War and Plans for Peace"
    • 1943 September 8, FDR Fireside Chat, "Opening Third War Loan Drive"

    • 1943, Report of the Governor's Citizen's Committee Report on Los Angeles "Zoot Suits" Riots
    • 1943 December 24, FDR Fireside Chat, "On Teheran and Cairo Conferences"
    • Lili Marlene (German)
    • Lili Marlene (English)
    • and Melody
    • 1944 January 11, FDR, "State of the Union Message to Congress"
    • 1944 June 5, FDR Fireside Chat, "On the Fall of Rome"
    • 1944 June 6, General Dwight D. Eisenhower's Order of the Day
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1944 June 12, FDR Fireside Chat, "Opening Fifth War Loan Drive"
    • 1944 June 22, Servicemen's Readjustment Act
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1944, General Dwight D. Eisenhower (Ike) D-Day Message, June 6, General Order of the Day, Invasion of Normandy
    • 1944, Campaign dinner address of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (the Fala address) September 23 [Audio, RealPlayer
    • 1944, Korematsu v. United States
      [Held that the relocation of American Citizens of Japanese descent to internment camps was acceptable due to the expediency of the times.]
    • 1942 December 2, Manhattan Project Notebook
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1945 March 13, Carlos E. Castaneda Testifies to a Congressional Committee on Discrimination Against Mexican American Workers in War Industries
    • 1945, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Fourth Inaugural Speech
    • 1945 June 26, United Nations Charter
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • Constitution of the State of New Jersey
    • 1945 September 2, Surrender of Japan
      [image, notes and transcription]
    • 1945, Former Secretary of State Cordell Hull awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1945, West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette
      [Whether Government can require actions contrary to religious scruples]
  • Administration of Harry S Truman, 1945-1953
    • WWW-VL: History: The Cold War
    • 1945 June 19, Harry Truman, "Thoughts Of A President"
    • 1945 August 28, "Branch Rickey Discusses the Coming Difficulties with Jackie Robinson
    • 1945 November 19, President Harry Truman, Address to Congreass Proposing National Health Insurance
    • 1946 February 18, Mendez et al. v. Westminster School District
      [Marked the end of segregation of Mexican-American students]
    • 1946, Emily Greene Balch awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1947 June 5, George C. Marshall. Commencement address, Harvard University
      [The "Marshall Plan" - Audio, RealPlayer]
    • 1947 June 23. Passage of the Taft-Hartley Act, properly known as Labor-Management Relations Act, and popularly as the Right to Work Law passed by Congress
    • A Veteran of the Wrong War
      [many American volunteers who fought against the Nazis and Italians in Spain, 1936-1939, were treated as Communists rather than heroes]
    • 1946, Emily Greene Balch awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1946, John Raleigh Mott awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1947, The American Friends Service Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1948 April 30, American Treaty on Pacific Settlement (Pact of Bogota)
    • 1949, NATO Defense Treaty
    • 1949, Harry S. Truman, Inaugural Address
    • 1949, William Faulkner awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
    Return to the top of the page
    1950
    • WWW-VL: US 1950s History
    • 1950, .97 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1950, The National Debt was 7, 357, 352, 351.04
    • 1950, The Population of the United States Was 151,325,798
    • 1950 June 1, Margaret Chase Smith, "Declaration of Conscience"
      [image and text]
    • 1950, Harvard University Professor, Ralph Bunche awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1950 December 10, William Faulkner, The Nobel Prize in Literature, Banquet Speech
    • 1950-1954, Maps of the Korean War
    • 1951, .70 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1951, The National Debt was 5, 221, 976, 814.93
    • 1950-1954, Maps of the Korean War
    • 1951, Defense of Greenland: Agreement Between the United States and the Kingdom of Denmark, April 27
    • 1951, Defense of Iceland: Agreement Between the United States and the Republic of Iceland, May 5
    • 1951, Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of the Philippines; August 30
    • 1951, Security Treaty Between the United States, Australia, and New Zealand (ANZUS); September 1
    • 1951, Military Facilities in the Azores: Agreement Between Portugal and the United States, September 6
    • 1951, Recall of Gen. Douglas MacArthur
    • 1951, Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan; September
    • 1951, Report of the President's Commission on Migratory Labor
    • 1951 November 14, Military Assistance Agreement Between the United States and Yugoslavia
    • 1952 September 23, Richard M. Nixon, Television Address
      [The "Checkers" speech]
    • 1952, George Stith, an agricultural Worker, Describing the Importation of Mexican Immigrant Laborers into Arkansas
    • 1952, Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer
      [Even in wartime, the President must observe Constitutional limitations on his powers]
  • Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953-1961
    • 1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower, First Inaugural
    • 1953, Mohammad Mosaddeq and the Coup in Iran
    • 1953, The Secret CIA History of the Iran Coup, 1953
      [documentary collection of The National Security Archive
    • 1953, Military Facilities in Spain: Agreement Between the United States and Spain, September 26
    • 1953, Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of Korea; October 1
    • 1953, American GI Forum of Texas and Texas State Federation of Labor Speak Out Against the Importation of Mexican Workers (The "Bracero" Program)
    • 1953, American GI Forum of Texas and Texas State Federation of Labor Speak Out Against the Importation of Mexican Workers (The "Bracero" Program)
    • 1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower, "State of the Union"
    • 1954, Former Secretary of State George Cattlett Marshall awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1954 July 20, Agreement on the Cessation of Hostilities in Viet-Nam
    • 1954, 8 September Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty (Manila Pact
    • 1954 Protocol to the Manila Pact, September 8
    • 1954 Pacific Charter, September 8
    • 1954 Joint United States-Chinese Statement; December 1
    • 1954 Mutual Defense Treaty Between the United States and the Republic of China; December 2
    • 1954 Exchange of Notes Between the Secretary of State and the Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs, December 10
    • 1954, Senate Censure of Senator Joseph McCarthy
    • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, et al. [end of "Separate but Equal" principle]
    • 1954, Ernest Miller Hemingway awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
    • 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower, "State of the Union"
    • 1955, Presidential Libraries Act
    • 1956, Dwight D. Eisenhower, "State of the Union"
    • 1957, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Second Inaugural
    • Dwight D. Eisenhower, "State of the Union, 1957"
    • 1958, Cooper v. Aaron
      [Established that desegregation should proceed with "all deliberate speed"]
    • 1958, Map of the US Marine in Beirut
    • International Relations. 1958-60, Volume X, Part 1, Eastern Europe Region; Soviet Union; Cyprus
    • Dwight D. Eisenhower, "State of the Union, 1958"
    • Dwight D. Eisenhower, "State of the Union, 1959"
    • 1959 December 1, The Antarctic Treaty
    • 1959, John F. Kennedy, Address to Southern Baptist Leaders
    • 1960, Dwight D. Eisenhower, "State of the Union"

    Return to the top of the page
    1960

  • WWW-VL: US 1960s History
    • 1960, .03 had the same value as 0 would have in 1986
    • 1960, The National Debt was 0, 216, 815, 241.68
    • 1960, The Population of the United States Was 179,323,175
    • 1960 September 12, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Houston Ministerial Association Speech
      [image and text; .pdf and audio files]

  • Election of 1960
  • Administration of John F. Kennedy, 1961-1963
    • 1961, John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Speech
    • 1961, John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Speech, 20 January [Audio]
    • 1961, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Farewell Address
    • Foreign Relations Documents of the John F. Kennedy Administration
      • 1961- Foreign Relations: Volume I, Vietnam
      • 1962- Foreign Relations: Volume II, Vietnam
      • Foreign Relations: Volume V, 1961-1963. Soviet Union
      • Foreign Relations: Soviet Union Volume VI, Kennedy-Khruschchev Exchanges
      • Foreign Relations: Volume IX, Foreign Economic Policy
      • Foreign Relations: Volume X, Cuba 1961-1962
      • Foreign Relations: Volume XI, Cuban Missile Crisis and Aftermath
      • Foreign Relations: Volume XXII, Northeast Asia
    • 1961 October, Cuban Missile Crisis
      [The Avalon Collection of documents on the Cuban Missile Crisis numbers 275, dated from October 1 1961 to January 26 1963. The first few of these follow:]
      • 1961 October, List of Abbreviations
      • 1961 October, List of Persons
      • 1961 Octobeer 1, Briefing Paper
      • 1961 October 2, Memorandum From Acting Secretary of State Ball to President Kennedy
      • 1961 October 2, National Security Action Memorandum No. 194.
      • 1961 October 2, Memorandum From Secretary of Defense McNamara to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Taylor)
      • 1961 October 2, Memorandum From the Director of Intelligence and Research (Hilsman) to the Under Secretary of State (Ball)
      • 1961 October 2, Memorandum From Secretary of Defense McNamara to President Kennedy
      • 1962, John F. Kennedy, Cuban Missile Crisis: October 18 [Audio - RealPlayer]
      • 1962, John F. Kennedy, Cuban Missile Crisis: October 19 [Audio - RealPlayer]
      • 1962, John F. Kennedy, Cuban Missile Crisis: October 23, Part 1[Audio, RealPlayer]
      • 1962, John F. Kennedy, Cuban Missile Crisis: October 23, Part 2[Audio, RealPlayer]
    • 1962, Port Huron Statement Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
    • 1962, Linus Carl Pauling, California Institute of Technology awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1962, John Steinbeck awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
    • 1962, Engel v. Vitale
      [banning mandatory school prayer]
  • Administration of Lyndon B. Johnson, 1963-1969
    • 1962-Marilyn Monroe
    • WWW-VL: United States History: African-American History
    • 1963-Martin Luther King, "I Have a Dream" Speech
    • 1963-Robert C. Weaver, "The Negro as American"
    • 1963-Gideon v. Wainwright
      [Supreme Court Decision establishing the defendant's right to counsel]
    • 1965, Lyndon B. Johnson, "The American Promise"
    • 1964, Martin Luther King, Jr. awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
    • 1964-George C. Wallace, &The Civil Rights Movement: Fraud, Sham, and Hoax&
    • Barry Goldwater's Acceptance of the 1964 Republican Presidential Nomination
    • October 27, 1964- Ronald Reagan, Address on Behalf of Senator Barry Goldwater.
      "Rendezvous with Destiny"
    • 1964 New York Times Company v. Sullivan [to be actionable, media reports must be published maliciously and with reckless disregard for truth]
    • Foreign Relations Documents Of the Johnson Administration
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume I, Vietnam, 1964
      • 1965 April 30, Maps of the Evacuation of the Dominican Republic
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume II, Vietnam, January through June 1965
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume IV, Vietnam, 1966
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume VIII, International Monetary and Trade Policy
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume XI, Arms Control and Disarmament
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume XIII, Western Europe Region
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume XV, Germany and Berlin
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume XVII, Eastern Europe
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume XVIII, Arab-Israeli Dispute, 1964-67
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume XXI, Near East Region; Arabian Peninsula
      • Foreign Relations Documents: Volume XXII, Iran
    • Lyndon B. Johnson, Inaugural Speech (1965)
    • 1966, Miranda v. Arizona [right of accused to legal counsel]
    • Regents of the University of California v. Bakke [test of affirmative action]
    • 1963-1968, Lyndon B. Johnson's White House Tapes
    • 1965 -We Shall Overcome, Lyndon Johnson, March 15, 1965
    • 1965 March, Daniel Moynihan, The Negro Family: The Case For National Action
    • 1964, Reynolds v. Sims
      [Required enforcement of the doctrine of "One Man, One Vote"]
    • 1966, National Organization of Women (NOW), "Statement of Purpose"
    • 1967, Clyde Warrior, "We Are Not Free"
    • 1968 March 16, Robert Kennedy, Announcement of Candidacy for Presidency
    • 1968, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
    • 1968 April 22 Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and of Objects Launched into Outer Space
    • 1969, Proclamation of the Delano Grape Workers
  • Administration of Richard Nixon, 1969-1974
  • Return to the top of the page
    1970
    • WWW-VL: US 1970s History
    • 1970, The Occupational Safety and Health Act
    • 1970 Jan 1, The National Environmental Policy Act
    • 1971, The Tilt: The U.S. and the South Asian Crisis [documentary collection of The National Security Archive
    • 1971-1973, The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the War in Vietnam
    • 1971, New York Times Co. v. United States
      ["The Pentagon Papers" decision regarding freedom of the Press]
    • 1972, Roe v. Wade [Majority opinion in landmark decision on choice and abortion]
    • 1970, Clean Air Act
    • Clean Water Act
    • 1972, History and text of The Federal Water Pollution Control Act ["the Clean Water Act", .pdf file format]
    • 1972, Endangered Species Act
    • VIETNAM
      • 1961, December 14, Letter from President Kennedy to President Diem.
      • 1964, August 5. The Tonkin Gulf Incident: President Johnson's Message to Congress,
      • 1964, August 5. Tonkin Gulf Resolution
      • Vietnam Vets Against the War Statement (Kerry)
      • 1969, Richard M. Nixon, First Inaugural Speech
      • 1972, WATERGATE - Excerpts From the Nixon White House Tapes
      • 1972 June 23, WATERGATE - Richard M. Nixon and H. R. Haldeman. Conversation at the White House
        [The "Smoking Gun" tape]
      • 1973, Richard M. Nixon, Second Inaugural Speech
      • 1973 January 23, Richard M. Nixon, Peace With Honor,
      • 1973 March 17, WATERGATE - tapes: President Richard M. Nixon counsels Dean on possible testimony.
        [Audio, Real Player]
      • 1973, WATERGATE - Richard M. Nixon. First Watergate Speech
      • 1973 March 20, WATERGATE - tapes: President Richard M. Nixon Watergate tapes. Haldeman tries to convince the President he will survive this crisis. [Audio, Real Player
      • 1973 March 21, WATERGATE - tapes: President Richard M. Nixon Watergate tapes. Dean advises the President about Hunt's involvement; attempt to shield the President from any wrong-doing. [Audio, Real Player
      • 1973 August 13, WATERGATE - Richard M. Nixon, Second Watergate Speech.
      • 1973 September 11, Chile: "The State and Revolution," by Tom Lewis
        from the International Socialist Review, Winter 1999
      • 1973 September 11, US Role in Military Coup-d'Etatt in Chile [documentary collection of The National Security Archive
      • 1973 October 10, "Paying Off a Vice President"
        [Relating to the resignation of Spiro Agnew as Vice-President of the United States]
      • 1973, November 7. War Powers Act,
      • 1973, The Endangered Species Act
      • 1974 August 8, WATERGATE - Richard M. Nixon, Resignation Speech
      • 1974 August 10, WATERGATE - Richard M. Nixon, Farewell Address to his Staff.
      • 1974 July 24, WATERGATE - United States v. Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States, et al. [required the President to surrender secretly recorded conversations]
      • 1974, July 27, WATERGATE - Articles of Impeachment. House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary.
    • Administration of Gerald Ford, 1974-1977

      • 1974, August 9, Gerald R. Ford's Remarks on Taking the Oath of Office as President.
      • 1974. September 8, President Gerald R. Ford's Remarks on Signing a Proclamation Granting Pardon to Richard Nixon.
      • 1974, September 8, President Gerald R. Ford's Proclamation 4311, Granting a Pardon to Richard Nixon.
      • 1974, Presidential Recordings and Materials Preservation Act
      • 1976, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
      • 1976, Saul Bellow awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
      • 1976, Foreign Aid and Human Rights
        [Congress linking foreign aid to a country's respect for human rights]
      • 1976 September 23, President Gerald Ford v. Jimmy Carter [Video and transcript]
    • Administration of Jimmy Carter, 1977-1981
      • Jimmy Carter, Inaugural Address (1977)
      • 1977, Jimmy Carter, "Human Rights and Foreign Policy"
        [The President makes the promotion of human rights a goal of US foreign policy
      • 1978, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
        [Dealing with the question of "Reverse Discrimination"]
      • 1978, Presidential Records Act
      • 1978, Isaac Bashevis Singer awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature
    Return to the top of the page
    1980
    • WWW-VL: US 1980s History
    • 1980 September 21, Ronald Reagan v. John Anderson (President Carter absent) [Video and transcript]
    • Administration of Ronald Reagan, 1981-1989
      • 1981 January, Ronald Reagan: First Inaugural Address
      • 1982 June 8, President Reagan: Speech to the British House of Commons (the "Evil Empire" speech)
      • 1983 October 23, Map of the Invasion of Grenada
      • 1984 October 07, Ronald Reagan v. Walter Mondale [Video and transcript]
      • 1985 January, Ronald Reagan: Second Inaugural Address
      • 1985 May 5, Ronald Reagan: Remarks at a Joint Military Ceremony at Bitburg Air Base, West Germany
      • Report of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident
      • Executive Summary, Independent Counsel's Report on the Iran-Contra Affair
      • Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran-Contra Matters
      • 1986, Presidential Libraries Act
      • 1986, Sanctions Against South Africa
      • 1988 September 25, Michael Dukakis v. George Bush [Video and transcript]
    • Administration of George Bush, 1989-1993
    Return to the top of the page
    1990
    • WWW-VL: US 1990s History
    • 1990, Clean Air Act as amended
    • 1990 February 11, Nelson Mandela's speech upon release
    • 1990 April, Milton Friedman: Letter to William Bennett Against the "War On Drugs"
    • 1990 July 26, Americans with Disabilities Act
    • 1990 August 1, Map of the First Gulf War
    • 1990, Democracy and Foreign Policy
      [The spread of Democracy is to be an essential element of U.S. foreign policy]
    • 1991, Civil Rights Act of 1991
    • 1991, George Bush: State of the Union Speech
    • 1991, George Bush: State of the Union Speech
    • 1992, George Bush: State of the Union
    • 1992 August – 1994 March, The Effort to Save Somalia
    • 1992-1993 October, Map of Operations in Somalia
    • 1992 October 11, George W. Bush v. Bill Clinton v. Ross Perot [Video and transcript]
  • Administration of Bill Clinton, 1993-2001
    • 1993 January, William J. Clinton II: Inaugural Speech
    • 1994, March 21, US Vice President Al Gore, Information Superhighways Speech, International Telecommunications Union Meeting [commonly mis-referrenced as "Al Gore Invents the Internet"]
    • 1993, Constitution of the State of Maine [Codification of 1883]
    • 1994, The U.S. and the Genocide in Rwanda [documentary collection of The National Security Archive
    • 1995 Apr 17, Executive Order 12958
    • 1995, Operation Just Cause - Panama
    • 1995 September 21, The Unabomber's Manifesto
    • 1996, Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
    • 1996, Food Quality Protection Act
    • 1996 October 02, Bob Dole v. Bill Clinton [Video and transcript]

    • The National Debt was $ 5, 413, 146, 011, 397.34
    • 1997 January, William J. Clinton II: Inaugural Speech
    • 1997, Cesar Chavez discusses the origins of the National Farm Workers Union
    • 1997, Operation Urgent Fury - Grenada
    • 1997 December 10, Jody Williams, The Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Lecture
    • 1998, The National Debt was , 526, 193, 008, 897.62
    • 1998 February 26, Sidney Blumenthal, Assistant to President Bill Clinton, complains about Special Prosecutor Kenneth Starr
      [Audio. Time: 1.8 min. the Vincent Voice Library]
    • 1998, Independent Counsel's Report to the United States House of Representatives
    • 1998, Baz Luhrmann, "Everybody's Free (To Wear Sunscreen)"
      [A comic monologue]
    • 1998-1999 Impeachment and Trial of President William J. 1998, Clinton II
      • 1998, Documents on the Investigation of Charges
      • 1999, The National Debt was , 656, 270, 901, 615.43
      • 1999 January 7 to February 12, Senate Trial Transcripts
      • 1998 January 13, White House Trial Memorandum
    • 1999 January 19, William J. Clinton II, State of the Union Speech
    • 1999 April 25, Al Gore: Columbine Memorial Speech
    • 1998 December 19, Approved Articles of Impeachment
      • 1999 February 12, Clinton Impeachment Articles Final Votes
      • Senators' Final Statements by State
      • 1999, Excerpts from Presidential Debates between Al Gore (Dem) and Gerge W. Bush (Rep)
      • 1999 April 12, Elie Wiesel, "The Perils of Indifference"
        [image and text; .pdf and audio files]
      • 1999, Maya Angelou, "On the Pulse of Morning"
    Return to the top of the page
    2000
    • WWW-VL: US 2000s History

    • 2000, 7.12 had the same value as 0 had in 1986
    • 2000, The National Debt was , 674, 178, 209, 886.86
    • 2000, The Population of the United States Was 281,421,906
    • Quality of U. S. Health Care System
    • 2000, William J. Clinton. State of the Union
    • 2000 May 1, Government Begins Reducing the National Debt
    • 2000 September 27, Government Announces Record Budget Surplus
    • 2000 December, Howard Zinn, "We've Had Class Warfare for a Very Long Time."
      from International Socialist Review, December 2000-January 2001
  • Election of 2000
    • 2000, Democratic Party Platform
    • 2000, Republican Party Platform
    • 2000, October 11, Vice President Al Gore v. Governor George W. Bush [Video and transcript]
    • 2000, October 11
    • 2000, Excerpts from Presidential Debates between Al Gore (Dem) and George W. Bush (Rep)
    • 2000 November, Results of the General Election
    • 2000 December 12, Supreme Court of the United States: George Bush vs. Albert Gore Jr.
    • 2000 December 11. Al Gore: 2000 Concession Speech
      [Audio Included]
  • Administration of George W. Bush, 2001-2008
    • 2001-George W. Bush Inaugural Speech
    • 2001, The National Debt was , 807, 463, 412, 200.06
    • 2001 September 11, Attack on America, A Collection of Documents
    • 2001 September 20, George W. Bush: Speech to Congress
    • 2001 October 8, Executive Order Establishing the Office of Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Council
    • 2001 October 24, Full Text of HR 3162 "The PATRIOT Act" [403 Kb]
    • 2002, The National Debt was , 228, 235, 965, 597.16
    • 2002-George W. Bush. State of the Union [The "Axis of Evil" Speech]
    • 2002 December 10, Jimmy Carter, Nobel Laureate Lecture
    • 2003, The National Debt was , 783, 231, 062, 743.62
    • 2003, George W. Bush. State of the Union
      [Declaration of U.S. intentions toward Iraq]
    • 2003, Colin Powell 2003 February, U.S. Secretary of State, Charges Against Iraq; Speech Before the United Nations Security Council
    • 2003, The Space Shuttle Columbia and Her Crew
    • Images of the Columbia
    • 2003 February 1, NASA Statement on Loss of Communications with Columbia
    • 2003 February 1, Statement By NASA Administrator Sean O'Keefe
    • 2003 March 17, George W. Bush, Address On Developments In Iraq
    • Iraq and Weapons of Mass Destruction , National Security Archive, George Washington University
    • 2003 May 1, George W. Bush, Address Announcing the End of Major Combat Operations in Iraq
    • 2004 May 17, Bill Cosby: "The Importance of Education"
      [a serious talk by a famous comedian]
    • The 9/11 Commission Report Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States Official Government Edition
    • 2003 June 25, Embedded Reporter's Role In Army Unit's Actions Questioned by Military
      [from the Washington Post ]
    • 2003 July 18, Tony Blair: Address Accepting U.S. Congressional Gold Medal
    • 2004 July 29, Alexandra Kerry, Democratic National Convention Address
    • 2004 July 29, Reverend Al Sharpton, Democratic National Convention Address
    • 2004 August 26, Columbia Accident Investigation Board Releases Final Report
    • 2004, 30 August- Rudolph Giuliani: 2004 Republican National Convention Address [audio MP-3 file included]
    • 2004 September 11, George W. Bush: 9/11 Address to the Nation
      [audio, video, text]
    • 2004, 30 September-Text of First Presidential Debate between George Bush and John Kerry
    • 2004, 08 October-Text of Second Presidential Debate between Bush and Kerry,
    • 2004 October 13, Text of Third Presidential Debate between Bush and Kerry,
  • Election of 2004 Return to the top of the page
    2005
    • 2005, 8.19 had the same value as 0 had in 1986
    • 2005, 20 January, George W. Bush Second Inaugural Speech
    • 2005, George W. Bush; State of the Union
    • 2005 May, Elizabeth Terzakis, "The New McCarthyism: The assault on civil liberties and academic freedom,"
      from International Socialist Review, May-June 2005
    • 2005 June 22, The Identity of Informant ("Deep Throat") Revealed [documentary collection of The National Security Archive]
    • 2005 September 15, George Bush Discusses Hurricane Relief in Address to the Nation
    • 2005 September, "Vigilantes at the Border: The New War on Immigrants," by Justin Akers.
      from International Socialist Review, September October 2005
    • 2005 November 8, Constitution of the State of Texas
    • 2005, Federal Disaster Declarations FEMA
    • George Bush Outlines Strategy for Victory in Iraq, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland
    • 2006 January 7, George Bush on the American Economy [Text and Audio]
    • 2006 January 31, George W. Bush; State of the Union
    • 2006, July 13, News Briefing with Major General Robert Durbin, Commander, Combined Security Transition Command, Afghanistan, U.S. Department of Defense
    • 2006 September, A Higher Power; James Baker puts Bush's Iraq policy into rehab, By Robert Dreyfuss, The Washington Monthly
    • 2006 September 7, Howard Zinn, "War Is Not A Solution For Terrorism"
    • 2007, The Population of the United States Was 301,139,947
    • 2007, Senator John Kerry, "Protecting Public Health"
    • 2007 January, Barak Obama, "The Time Has Come For Universal Health Care In America"
    • 2007 January 10, George W. Bush; Speech on Troop Levels In Iraq
    • 2007 January 23, George W. Bush; State of the Union
    • 2007 January, Proposal of the Physicians' Working Group for Single-Payer Health Insurance [.pdf file]
    • 2007 February 28, {Single Payer is Labor's Only Clear Choice"
      [Published in Labor Notes]
    • 2007 March 6, "Time to Fix Healthcare"
      [from The Nation]
    • 2007 April 4, Iraq Report: “Civilians Without Protection”
    • 2007 June 29, Miller Amendment Denies Funding for Bush Executive Order
    • 2007, Al Gore, The Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Lecture
    • 2007, Al Gore, The Nobel Peace Prize, Nobel Lecture (video)
    • 2007 September 24, Arnold Schwarzenegger: United Nations Speech on Climate Change
    • 2008, The National Debt was $, 370, 020, 487, 674.78
    • 2008 January 28, George W. Bush; State of the Union
    • DiMaio v. Democratic National Committee
  • Administration of Barack H. Obama, 2009-
    • 2009, January 20, Barack H. Obama Inaugural Speech
    • 2009, September 08, Barack Obama Address To America's Schoolchildren
    • 2009, September 09, Barack H. Obama Address to Congress on Health Care

    Carrie logo Originally part of Carrie, The first full-text on-line library

    Also see EuroDocs: Primary Historical Documents from Western Europe

    AMDOCS is maintained by George Laughead, manager
    WWW-VL: United States History, and Kansas History, and by Dr. Lynn H. Nelson, original author, WWW-VL: History,
    and the History Gateway at Kansas, established in 1993.
    Kansas Heritage Group founder

    Updated: 04 June 2010

    WWW Virtual Library @ www.vlib.us


    (©2005-2010 George Laughead)

    AMDOCS: Documents for the Study of American History
    URL: http://www.vlib.us/amdocs/



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